22 November 2017
Science Religion
"ip²oIcWØew' AhØbpw AhkchpamWv
Published on Monday Oct 30, 2017
amcI]m]¯n (NmhptZmj¯nÂ) A\pXm]anÃmsX acn¡p¶hÀ¡pw eLp ]m]¯n acn¡p¶hÀ¡pw Htc in£bà e`n¡p¶Xv F¶mWv k`bpsS ]T\w. eLphmb ]m]§fn \n¶v ]qÀWtamN\w t\SmsX acn¡p¶hÀ¡v ip²oIcW¯n\pÅ Ahkcw ssZhw \ÂIp¶p. C{]Imcw acWm\´cw hnip²oIcn¡m³ ssZhw a\pjymßmhn\p \ÂIp¶ Ahkcs¯bpw AhØsbbpamWv ]c¼cmKXambn ip²oIcWØew F¶p ]dbp¶Xv.
ip²oIcWØew
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1. ip²oIcWØes¯¡pdn¨v hnip² {KÙ¯n ]cmaÀi§fp­v. (2a¡ 12:43þ45; 1 tImdn 3:12þ15; a¯m 5: 26, 12:32).
2 a¡ 12:43þ45: ""A\´cw, Ah³ Ahcn \n¶v c­mbnct¯mfw {ZmIvam shÅn ]ncns¨Sp¯p. ]m]]cnlmc_en¡mbn Pdpkteante¡v Ab¨psImSp¯p. ]p\cp°m\w D­mIpsa¶v Dd¨v bqZmkv sNbvX Cu {]hr¯n t{ijvThpw DNnXhpw Xs¶.
acn¨hÀ DbnÀ¡psa¶p {]Xo£bnÃmbncps¶¦n AhÀ¡pth­n {]mÀ°n¡p¶Xv \njv{]tbmP\hpw hnUvVn¯hpw BIpambncp¶p. F¶mÂ, ssZh`àntbmsS acn¡p¶hÀ¡mbn Hcp¡nbncn¡p¶ Aaqeyk½m\s¯¡pdn¨v Ah³ {]Xymi ]peÀ¯nsb¦n AXv ]mh\hpw `àn ]qÀWhpamb Nn´bmWv. AXn\m acn¨hÀ¡v, ]m]tamN\w e`n¡p¶Xn\v Ah³ AhÀ¡pth­n ]m]]cnlmc IÀaw A\pjvTn¨p''. acn¨hÀ¡v ]m]tamN\w e`n¡p¶Xn\mbpÅ ]cnlmcIÀ½§sf¡pdn¨mWv Cu hN\w km£ys¸Sp¯p¶Xv.
acWtijhpw ]m]§fn \n¶v ip²oIcn¡s¸Sm\pÅ km[yXsb¡pdn¨v ]gb\nbaImew apXÂt¡ hnizmkw \ne\n¶ncp¶p F¶Xnsâ kqN\bmWnXv.
1 tImdn 3:12þ15: "IÀ¯mhnsâ Zn\¯n Hmtcmcp¯cpsSbpw ]Wn GXpXc¯nepÅhbmsW¶p shfnhm¡s¸Spw. BcpsS ]Wn Aán¡ncbm¡p¶pthm Ah³ \jvSw klnt¡­nhcpw. F¶mÂ, AánbneqsSsb¶h®w Ah³ c£ {]m]n¡pw' . IÀ¯mhnsâ Zn\¯n ip²oIcWw hgnbpÅ c£bv¡pÅ km[yXsb¡pdn¨mWv ]utemkv A¸kvtXme³ HmÀ½n¸n¡p¶Xv. ip²oIcWØes¯¡pdn¨pÅ ]tcm£ambpÅ ]cmaÀiambn Cu hN\`mKs¯ a\knem¡mw.
a¯m. 5:26: "Ahkm\s¯ NnÃn¡mipw sImSp¯p ho«pthmfw \o AhnsS \n¶v ]pd¯phcnIbnsöv kXyambpw Rm³ \n§tfmSv ]dbp¶p'. {]Xy£¯n Cu hN\w tImSXn hyhlmc¯nsâ ]Ým¯e¯n ]dbs¸Sp¶XmsW¦nepw A´na hniIe\¯n Cu hN\`mKs¯ \nXyhn[nbmf\mb ssZh¯nsâ hn[nbmbn IcpXmw. ISw ho«pthmfw A\p`hnt¡­nhcp¶ XShns\¡pdn¨pÅ ]cmaÀiw ip²oIcWØes¯¡pdn¨pÅ kqN\ \ÂIp¶p.
a¯m 12:32: "]cnip²mßmhns\Xncmbn Bsc¦nepw kwkmcn¨m Cu bpK¯ntem hcm\ncn¡p¶ bpK¯ntem £an¡s¸SpIbnÃ'.
hcm\ncn¡p¶ bpK¯n AYhm acWm\´cw, £an¡s¸Smhp¶ ]m]§fp­v F¶ kqN\ Cu hN\w \ÂIp¶p. X·qew ip²oIcWØe¯p \S¡p¶ acWm\´c hnip²oIcW¯nsâ km[yX Cu hN\w kv]jvSam¡p¶p.
hyàambn Adnª ssZhlnXt¯mSv a\x]qÀÆw adpXen¡p¶h³ ITn\ambn {]lcn¡s¸Spw; F¶m AdnbmsXbmWv Hcph³ in£mÀlamb sXäp sNbvXsX¦n Ah³ eLphmtb {]lcn¡s¸SpIbpÅq (eq¡m 12:47þ48). hn[nsb¡pdn¨mWv tbip ChnsS ]dbp¶Xv. a\pjy³ ]dbp¶ Hmtcm hyÀYhm¡n\pw hn[nZnhk¯n IW¡psImSpt¡­nhcpw (a¯m 12:47þ48). in£n¡s¸Spw F¶mWv CXnsâ AÀYw. F¶m Hcp hyÀYhm¡nsâ t]cn HcmÄ \nXyin£bv¡ncbmIpw F¶p IcpXpI km[yaÃ. At¸mÄ, \nXyaÃm¯Xpw eLphpamb Hcp in£ tbip hn`mh\w sNbvXp F¶tà IcptX­Xv?.
ip²oIcWØew
k`m ]mc¼cy¯nÂ
ip²oIcW Øew D­v F¶Xv k`bpsS hnizmk kXyamWv. c­mw setbm¬kv Iu¬kn 1274  ip²oIcWØe¯nepÅ hnizmkw k`bpsS hnizmk kXyambn {]Jym]n¨p. {]hr¯nbmtem Dt]£bmtem sNbvX ]m]§Ä¡v ]qÀW ]cnlmca\pjvTn¡msX acn¡m\nShcp¶hÀ¡v acWm\´cw ip²oIcW ]cnlmc§Ä A\pjvTn¨v hnip²oIcn¡s¸Sm³ ssZhw A\phmZw \ÂIp¶p F¶mWv Iu¬knensâ ]T\w. 1336  s_\UnIvSv ]{´­ma³ ]m¸bpsS "_\Znàqkv tZhqkv' F¶ {]amWtcJbpw ip²oIcWØeaps­¶pw. ip²oIcW¯n\p tijw ip²oIcWmßm¡Ä kzÀ¤¯nse¯nt¨cpsa¶pw AÀYi¦bv¡nSbnÃm¯ hn[w ]Tn¸n¨p. ip²oIcWØes¯ Bßm¡fpsS hnip²oIcW¯n\v {]mÀ°\, IpÀ_m\, Zm\[À½w, ]cnXymK {]hr¯nIÄ F¶nh hgn ]cnlmcw sN¿m³ `qanbnepÅ hnizmknIÄ¡v km[n¡psa¶v ^vtfmd³kv Iu¬kn (1439) ]Tn¸n¨p. ip²oIcWØes¯ \ntj[n¨p amÀ«n³ eqYÀ \S¯nb ]T\§sf XÅn¸dªpsIm­v 1563  sXt{´mkv kq\ltZmkv ip²oIcWØeaps­¶pw Ak¶nKv[ambn ]Tn¸n¨p. Cu hnizmkkXyw kIe hnizmknIsfbpw ]Tn¸n¡m³ kq\ltZmkv FÃm sa{Xm·mtcmSpw Bhiys¸SpIbpw sNbvXp.
PohnXIme¯pXs¶ XpScp¶ ip²oIcW {]{InbbpsS ]qÀ¯oIcWhpw ip²oIcW¯n\pÅ A´na Ahkchpambn«mWv ip²oIcWØes¯ kmÀh{XnI aXt_m[\ {KÙw AhXcn¸n¡p¶Xv. \cIin£bn \n¶v k¼qÀWambpw `n¶amWv ip²oIcWmhØ. \cIin£bpw ip²oIcW Øe¯nse AhØbpw X½n ]oUm\p`h¯nsâ ssZÀLy¯n am{Xta hyXymkapÅp F¶ kmam\y]T\w icnbÃ.
ip²oIcWw F{]Imcw \S¡p¶p F¶Xns\¡pdnt¨m F{XImew \ofp¶p F¶Xns\¡pdnt¨m {]tXyI {]t_m[\§sfm¶pw \ÂInbn«nÃ. AXn\m ip²oIcWØes¯ ]oUIsf¡pdn¨v hW¡amk{KÙ§fn {]Ncn¡p¶ IYIÄt¡m ]c¼cmKXhnhcW§Ät¡m B[nImcnIXsbm¶panÃ. hnip²oIcn¡p¶Xv ssZhamIbm hnip²oIcW amÀ¤hpw hnip²oIcW Imehpw ssZh\nÝnXamsW¶v k` ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. a\pjysâ hnip²oIcWw km[yam¡p¶ ]caamb ssZhnIIÀ½w tbiphnsâ Ipcninse _enbmWv. tbiphnsâ _enbpsS hc{]kmZ¯m Xs¶bmWv ip²oIcWmßm¡fpw hnip²oIcn¡s¸Sp¶Xv. tami \n¡p¶ Øew ]cnip²amsW¶v ssZhw shfns¸Sp¯nbXv I¯p¶ apĸSÀ¸n \n¶mbXpsIm­pw Gi¿msb ssZhw hnip²oIcn¨Xv Xo¡\ sIm­mbXpsIm­pw ip²oIcWØes¯ Aánbpambn _Ôn¸n¡p¶ Nn´mKXn {]_es¸«p. ip²oIctWm]m[nbmbn Aánsb hnip² {KÙw D]tbmKn¡p¶p F¶Xpw Cu Nn´mKXn¡v ImcWambn.
a\pjysâ PohnXs¯ hnip²oIcn¡p¶Xnsâ {]XoIambn AánbnepÅ ip²oIcWs¯¡pdn¨v ss__nfn ImWmw.
ssZhw P\s¯ Aánip²n sNbvXv amäp ]cntim[n¡p¶Xns\¡pdn¨v k¡. 13:9, aem. 3:2 F¶nhnS§fn kqN\bp­v. "\o [\nI\mIm³ Aánip²n hcp¯nb kzÀWw Ft¶mSp hm§pI'sb¶v shfn 3:18  ImWp¶p. {InkvXphnsâ {]hÀ¯\¯nsâ Aánbmepw AhnSps¯ Ahkm\ hn[nbmepw a\pjyhÀ¤w apgph\pw ip²oIcn¡s¸Spw (eq¡m3:16, 12:49). IÀ¯mhnsâ hmKvZm\§Ä \nÀ½eamb Debn GgmhÀ¯n ip²n sNbvsXSp¯ shÅn t]msebmWv (k¦o. 12:6). Cu hnip² {KÙhN\§fpsS shfn¨¯n ip²oIcW¯nsâ amÀKw ssZh\nÝnXamsW¶pw AánbmepÅ ip²oIcWw {]XoImßIamsW¶pw \ap¡v a\Ênem¡mw.
ssZhkm¶n[y¯n ]m]nbmb a\pjy\v AkzØXbpw AtbmKyXmt_m[hpw A\p`hs¸Spsa¶v hnip² {KÙw km£ys¸Sp¯p¶p. ssZhZÀi\w e`n¨ Gi¿mbpsS {]XnIcWw Xs¶bmWv Gähpw \à DZmlcWw (Gi. 6:1þ10). ssZhZÀi\w e`n¨ ]utemkv ]m]nIfn H¶ma\mbn Xs¶¯s¶ IcpXn.
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