22 November 2017
Theology
kvt\l¯n hfÀ¯pI
csbn
Published on Saturday Sep 09, 2017
kvt\lw kp{][m\w
kvt\ls¯ It¯men¡mk`bpsS aXt_m[\ {KÙw \nÀÆNn¡p¶Xv C{]ImcamWv: ""GXp kpIrX¯m \mw ssZhs¯, AhnSps¯{]XnXs¶, kÀtÆm]cn kvt\ln¡pIbpw \½psS Ab¡mcs\, ssZhkvt\ls¯{]Xn, \s½t¸mse¯s¶ kvt\ln¡pIbpw sN¿p¶pthm B ssZhnI kpIrXamWp kvt\lw'' (1822). {InkvXphnsâ A\pbmbnIfpsS ]ca{][m\amb PohnXssienbmWv kvt\l¯nepÅ PohnXw. \nXyPoh³ AhImis¸Sp¯m³ F´p sN¿Wsa¶ tNmZy¯n\v Cutim D¯cw \nÂInbXv C{]ImcamWv: ""\o \nsâ ssZhamb IÀ¯mhns\ ]qÀ® lrZbt¯mSpw ]qÀ®mßmthmSpw ]qÀ® iàntbmSpw ]qÀ® a\tÊmSpw IqsS kvt\ln¡Ww. \nsâ Ab¡mcs\ \ns¶t¸msebpw'' (eq¡ 10:27). kvt\l¯nsâ {]m[m\yw hyàam¡p¶tXmsSm¸w AXv {]mhÀ¯nIamt¡­ c­p Xe§fpw AhnSp¶v Nq­n¡mWn¡p¶p: ssZhkvt\lhpw ]ckvt\lhpw. Htc \mWb¯nsâ Ccp hi§Ä t]mse ]ckv]c]qcIamWh. ssZhs¯ kvt\ln¡p¶Xns\m¸w ktlmZcscbpw kvt\ln¡pt¼mÄ am{Xta \mw {InkvXphnsâ bYmÀ° injycmbn¯ocpIbpÅp. C{]Imcw kvt\ln¡m\pÅ ]cnioe\amWv IpSpw_§fnse hnizmk ]cnioe\¯nsâ apJyLSIw.
kvt\lw ssZhZm\w
kvt\lw \½psS a\pjy{]IrXn¡v D]cnbmbn \n¡p¶Xpw AXnkzm`mhnIhpamb ]pWyamWv. aäpÅ FÃm kZvKpW§sfbpw {]tNmZn¸n¡pIbpw Ahsb ssZhnI Poh³ sIm­v \ndbv¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ DuÀÖamWXv (YOUCAT þ 309). F´mWv kvt\lsa¶pw F§s\ kvt\ln¡Wsa¶pw ssZhwXs¶ \ap¡v shfns¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. ""kvt\lw ssZh¯n \n¶pÅXmWv. kvt\ln¡p¶ Gh\pw ssZh¯n \n¶pw P\n¨h\mWv'' (1 tbml. 4:7). kvt\lw ssZh¯nÂ\n¶pw hcp¶p F¶p ]dbp¶Xv “ssZhw kvt\lamIp¶”XpsIm­mWv (1 tbml. 4:8). a\pjytcmSpÅ AhnSps¯ HSp§m¯ kvt\lw krjvSnIÀ½¯neqsS {]ISn¸n¡p¶p. am\hcmin Cu kvt\ls¯ XÅn¸dªt¸mgpw kz]p{Xs\ AtX a\pjycpsS c£bv¡mbn ImÂhcnbn _en sImSp¯pw B kvt\lw shfnhm¡s¸«p.
ssZha¡Ä
ssZhw sNmcnbp¶ kvt\l¯nsâ almZm\amWv a¡Ä. Ahsc ssZhkvt\l¯n hfÀ¯n hepXm¡n XncnsI kaÀ¸n¡pIbmWv AhnSps¯ kvt\lt¯mSpÅ {]Xyp¯cw. kz´w CjvS§Ä¡¸pdt¯bv¡v ssZthjvSw \ndthäm\pÅ {]Xn_²XbmWp \ap¡p­mtI­Xv; kq£n¸papXen\p tIm«w hcmsX, DSaØ\p Xncn¨p \ÂIm\pÅ BÀPhw. A§s\, a¡sf ssZthm·pJcpw a\pjykvt\lnIfpambn cq]s¸Sp¯m\pÅ ]cn{ia§Ä amXm]nXm¡fnepw apXnÀ¶hcnepw \n¶mWv Bcw`nt¡­Xv. ssZhZm\amb a¡Ä klPohnIfn ssZhs¯ I­pap«p¶hcmbn hfcs«. ssZh¯nsâ kvt\l¯n\p {]Xyp¯cw \evIm³ ISs¸«hcmWp \mw. ssZhnI kvt\l¯nsâ {]XnÑmb BbmWv kvt\lnt¡­Xv. \ap¡njvSs¸« coXnbnÂ, CjvSs¸«hsc kvt\ln¡pIbÃ; ssZhw ImWn¨pX¶ ssienbn kvt\ln¡pIbmWv sNt¿­Xv. At¸mtg kvt\lsa¶ ssZhnI]pWy¯nsâ ]cnioe\amIpIbpffq, ssZh¯nsâ a¡fmIpIbpÅq (a¯m 5:44þ48). Cu ]cnioe\amWv KmÀlnIk`bmb IpSpw_¯n \St¡­Xv. Nne Imcy§Ä kqNn¸n¡s«.
1) _enthZnbnse IpSpw_w
A\pZn\ _enbÀ¸W¯neqsS IrXÚXm {]Imi\¯n\mbn Aįmcbv¡p Npäpw Hcpan¨p IqSpt¼mÄ ssZhkvt\l¯ntebv¡p \mw \S¶Sp¡pIbmWv. amXm]nXm¡fpw a¡fpw A\pZn\_enbn ]s¦Sp¯v apdnbs¸Sp¶ kvt\ls¯ A\p`hn¡p¶Xn¡hnª F´p km£yamWp \ap¡p \ÂIm\mhpI? kvt\lw Pohn¨pImWn¨ {IqinX\ntebv¡p hcpwXeapdsb ssI]nSn¨p\S¯m³ \mw ImWn¡p¶ Bthiw, hnizmk ]cnioe\¯nepÅ \½psS Xo£vWXbpsS AfhptImemsW¶ Xncn¨dnhp­mIWw. tbiphnsâ Ipcninse _entbmSp tNÀ¯v kz´w PohnX _enbÀ¸n¡p¶ amXm]nXm¡Ä \ÂIp¶ amXrI, ssZhkvt\l¯n X§fpsS a¡Ä¡p ]Icp¶ hnizmk ]cnioe\]mTw Xs¶bmWv.
2) amXm]nXm¡·mcpsS ]ckv]ckvt\lw
ssZhkvt\l¯nepw ]ckvt\l¯nepw Ip«nIsf hfÀ¯m³ amXm]nXm¡Ä Z¯{i²cmtI­Xp­v. CXn\v BZyw BhiyambXv AhÀXs¶ kvt\l¯nepÅ PohnXw \bn¡pI F¶XmWv. CÃm¯Xv \ÂIm³ \ap¡mhnÃtÃm. kvt\lw D­mbXpsIm­p am{XambnÃ, AXp {]ISn¸n¡m³ Adnªncn¡Wsa¶Xp asämcp Imcyw. X§Ä a¡sf kvt\ln¡p¶ps­¶ Imcyw a¡Ä¡v Adnbmsa¶v Hmtcm amXmhpw ]nXmhpw Dd¸phcpt¯­Xv Cu ImeL«¯nsâ {]tXyIXbmWv. ]et¸mgpw Ip«nIÄ¡v C§s\sbmcp A\p`hw \evIm³ amXm]nXm¡Ä¡mhp¶nÃ. amXm]nXm¡fpsS kvt\lw A\p`hn¡m³ Ignbm¯hÀ F§s\bmWp ssZhkvt\lw A\p`hn¡pI? AhÀ¡v F§s\bmWv aäpÅhsc kvt\ln¡m\mhpI?
3) ]¦phbv¡p¶XmWv kvt\lw
kzmÀ°XbmWp kvt\l¯ns\Xncmbn \mw t\cnSp¶ Gähpw henb shÃphnfn. Rm\pw Fsâ ]¦mfnbpw Fsâ Ip«nIfpw am{Xw F¶ Nn´bn \n¶pw kmtlmZcy¯ntebv¡pw hnizam\hnIXbntebv¡pw \mw hftc­nbncn¡p¶p. aämÀ¡pw sImSp¡msX Fsâ a¡Ä¡p Rm³ \ÂIp¶ `£W ]ZmÀ°§Ä AS¡apÅ km[\ kma{KnIÄ, ]et¸mgpw, ]¦psh¡p¶ kvt\ls¯ {]Xn^en¸n¡p¶nÃ. ]¦pshbv¡ensâ _me]mT§Ä amXm]nXm¡fn \n¶pw ]Tn¡p¶ a¡Ä hfÀ¶p hepXmIpt¼mÄ kz´w ktlmZc§sfbpw Ab¡mscbpw kaql¯nse aäpÅhscbpw ]cnKWn¡pIbpw ]ckv]cw XWembn hÀ¯n¡pIbpw sN¿pw.
4) XymKw kvt\l¯nsâ DcIÃv
CjvSs¸Sp¶Xp am{Xw sNbvXpIn«p¶XmWp kvt\lsa¶ anYym[mcW Ipsdt¸cnse¦nepw iàamWv. XymKhpw kl\hpw A´Àeo\amb kvt\lamWv bYmÀ° kvt\lsa¶ t_m[yw Ip«nIÄ¡p ]IÀ¶p \evtI­Xp­v. bmsXm¶pw {]Xn^eambn {]Xo£n¡msX aäpÅhÀ¡pth­n XymK]qÀhw {]hÀ¯n¡m\mWp kvt\l¯ntebv¡p \mw hnfn¡s¸«ncn¡p¶Xv. ]eXpw ths­¶p shbv¡m\pw \o«nshbv¡m\pw Im¯ncn¡m\psams¡ ]cnioen¸n¡Ww. bmsXmcp {]Xn^ehpw CÑn¡msX¯s¶ aäpÅhÀ¡p \· sN¿p¶ hyànIfmbn¯ocp¶Xn\mWv. Ip«nIÄ¡p ]cnioe\w \ÂtI­Xv. ""]co£WmSnØm\¯n kvt\ln¡mt\m, Hcp hyànsb ]cnanX Imet¯bv¡p kzoIcn¡mt\m Hcph\pw km[n¡pIbnÃ.'' (hn. tPm¬t]mÄ II, \hw. 15, 1980) kvt\ln¡p¶hsc Xncn¨pkvt\ln¡p¶Xpw \·sN¿p¶hÀ¡v Xncn¨p\·sN¿p¶Xpw hntijhn[nbmb ta·bà F¶v kphntijw (eq¡m 6: 32þ34) CtXmsSm¸w tNÀ¯v hmbn¡mw.
5) IcpXepw ]cnKW\bpw
kvt\l¯nsâ _lnÀkv^pcWamWp IcpXepw ]cnKWn¡epw. Xsâ A{X IgnhnÃm¯hsc¡qSn IqsS¡q«m\pw H¸w \nÀ¯m\pw \mw \S¯p¶ {ia§Ä kvt\l{]IS\¯nsâ {]mtbmKnI \nÀhN\§Ä Xs¶bmWv. ]et¸mgpw th­{X IcpXtem ]cnKW\tbm e`n¡m¯Xn\m hfÀ¨ apcSn¨pt]mb hyànXz§sfbpw \mw I­pap«mdp­v. AXn\m X§sf¡mÄ _elo\cmbhsc IqsS¡q«m\pw H¸w \ndp¯m\pw Ip«nIsf t{]mÕmln¸n¡Ww. A\mY aµnc§fpw hr²kZ\§fpw Bip]{XnIfpw IpSpw_sam¯v hÃt¸mgpw kµÀin¡p¶Xv aäpÅhtcmSp IcpWtbmsS s]cpamdWsa¶ ktµiw Ip«nIfnse¯n¡m³ klmbIcamhpw.
6) Akqbs¸SmXncn¡Â
ktlmZcsâ hfÀ¨bn Akqbs¸SmXncn¡m\pÅ ]cnioe\amWv asäm¶v. FÃm IgnhpIfpw A\p{Kl§fpw ssZh¯nÂ\n¶v hcp¶p F¶p IcpXm\pw t\«§fpw ta·Ifpw ssIhcn¡p¶hsc BßmÀ°ambn A\ptamZn¡m\pw ]cnioen¸n¡pI. kvt\l¯nsâ hnimea\kvIX Ip«nIÄ¡p ]IÀ¶p \ÂIWw.
7) ]ckvt\l {]hr¯nIÄ
ssZh¯nsâ kz´w OmbbnemWp a\pjys\ krjvSn¨sX¶Xn\m NpäpapÅ ktlmZccn ssZhs¯ I­pap«m\mWv ]cnioen¸nt¡­Xv. ]ckvt\l {]hr¯nIfneqsS Cu ssZhnI ZÀi\¯n\v Ipªp§sf ]cnioen¸n¡Ww. ho«nse BtLmjthfIfn (amt½mZok, BZy IpÀºm\ kzoIcWw, hnhmlw, hmÀjnI§Ä) ]mhs¸«hscbpw ]mÀizh¡cn¡s¸«hscbpw km¼¯nIambn sRcp§p¶hscbpw klmbn¡m³ \mw Im«p¶ HuÕpIyw Ip«nIÄ¡p ap¶n henb k·mXrIbmWv.
8)\à _Ô§Ä
hnÅepIÄ dn¸bÀ sN¿msX _豈 Xs¶ dot¹bvkv sN¿p¶ ImeamWnXv. \jvSs¸Sp¶ _Ô§sf¡mÄ HmPkpäXpw Dujvafhpamb A\h[n _豈 D­m¡nsbSp¡m³ C¶v bmsXmcp hnjahpanÃ. AXpsIm­pXs¶, kvt\l¯ne[njvTnXamb hnizmk ]cnioe\w \ÂIpt¼mÄ \à _豈 hfÀ¯nsbSp¡m\pw ]cnt]mjn¸n¡m\pw {]tXyIw {i² ]Xn¸nt¡­Xp­v. kvt\lw ssZhnIamIpt¼mÄ kl\§Ä c£mIcamIp¶p. kl\§Ä IqSmsXbpÅ kvt\l¯n\v imizXamb am[pcyanÃ. BßZm\amWv {InkvXphnsâ kvt\l¯nsâ ImXÂ. IpSpw_mwK§Ä¡nSbnepÅ XymK]qÀ®amb kvt\lw hnizmk]cnioe\¯nsâ Dd¸pÅ ]ShpIfmbn `hn¡pw.
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