25 February 2018
Theology
IpSpw_hpw hnip² IpÀ_m\bpw
csbn
Published on Saturday Sep 09, 2017
IpÀ_m\ F¶ ]Z¯nsâ AÀ°w _enbÀ¸n¡pI F¶mWv. Hcp {Inb BWXv. AXmbXv, hnip² IpÀ_m\ tIhesamcp NSt§m BNcWtam AÃ, adn¨v {InbmßIamIp¶ PohnXamWv F¶v kmcw. PohnXw apgph³ IpÀ_m\bmIpt¼mgmWv hnip² IpÀ_m\bnse ]¦mfn¯w AÀ°h¯mIp¶Xv. \n§Ä Fsâ \ma¯n Hcpan¨pIqSpt¼mÄ CsXsâ HmÀ½bv¡mbn sN¿phn³ F¶ IÀ¯mhnsâ hN\a\pkcn¨mWtÃm \½Ä Znhy_enbÀ¸W¯n\v AWbp¶Xv. AhnSps¯ P\\¯nsâ, ]ckyPohnX¯nsâ, kl\¯nsâ, acW¯nsâ, D°m\¯nsâ, Npcp¡¯n CutimbpsS PohnXw apgphsâbpw HmÀabmNcWamb hnip² IpÀ_m\bv¡v c­phn[¯n IpSpw_w ]cnioe\thZnbmIWw: 1) hnip² IpÀ_m\bn ^e{]Zambhn[w ]¦mfnIfmIp¶Xn\pÅ ]cnioe\w 2) CutimbpsS PohnX¯nsâ HmÀas¸Sp¯embn PohnXw amäp¶Xn\pÅ ]cnioe\w. Ch ka\zbn¸n¨v hnip² IpÀ_m\ tI{µoIrXamb hnizmk]cnioe\w \ÂIp¶Xn\v IpSpw_§fn F´v sN¿m³ Ignbpw F¶v Nn´n¡mw.
1. IpSpw_w _enthZn
IpSpw_§fn kzmÀ°kwkvImcw hfÀ¯p¶ `uanIXbpsSbpw D]t`mKkwkvImc¯nsâbpw ]Ým¯e¯n aninlmbpsS _enPohnXs¯ amXrIbm¡pIbmWv IpSpw_¯nse \à hnizmk]cnioe\w. CutimbpsS _enbÀ¸Ww XymK]qÀ®amb kzbwZm\amWtÃm. AXpXs¶bmWv hnip² IpÀ_m\ \ap¡p \ÂIp¶ ASnØm\ at\m`mhhpw. BßkaÀ¸WamWv _enPohnX¯nsâ ImXÂ. Fsâ Ignhv, kabw, F\n¡pÅXv, Fs¶¯s¶ apgph\mbpw aäpÅhÀ¡pth­n hybw sN¿pt¼mgmWv _enPohnXw ]qÀ®amIp¶Xv. Bcpw X\n¡pth­nam{Xaà Pohn¡p¶Xv. `mcy `À¯mhn\pw `À¯mhv `mcy¡pw amXm]nXm¡Ä a¡Ä¡pw a¡Ä amXm]nXm¡Ä¡pw th­n Pohn¡emWv IpSpw_sa¶ _enthZnbn Act§dp¶ _enPohnXw.
""... \ns³d ]nXmhns\bpw amXmhns\bpw _lpam\n¡pI'' (]pd 20:12) F¶Xv ssZh{]amWamWtÃm. Cu {]amWw A\pkcn¨v, tIhew a\pjycmb amXm]nXm¡·mtcmSv hnt[bs¸«v ssZh]p{X\mb Cutim Pohn¨p. ]ns¶ Ah³ AhtcmsSm¸w ]pds¸«v \kd¯n h¶v, AhÀ¡v hnt[b\mbn Pohn¨p (eq¡m 2:51). amXm]nXm¡·msc kvt\ln¡p¶Xpw Ahsc kwc£n¡p¶Xpw Ipsdsbms¡ AkuIcy§fpw kl\§fpw Dfhm¡ntb¡mw. AXv kt´mjt¯msS, ssZhlnXt¯msS \ndthäp¶XpXs¶bmWv _enPohnXsa¶pw Ahsc _lpam\n¡msXbpff PohnXw ssZh¯n\p {]oXnIcamhnsöpw Cutim PohnXw sIm­pw {]t_m[\w sIm­pw (a¯m 15:19) ImWn¨pXcp¶p. ssZh¯n\p {]oXnIcaÃm¯ PohnXw hnip² IpÀ_m\bnepÅ ]¦p]äemInÃ. X§fpsS A¸s\bpw A½sbbpw kvt\l_lpam\t¯msS kwc£n¨pw ]cnNcn¨pw amXrI \ÂIns¡m­mbncn¡Ww amXm]nXm¡·mÀ a¡Ä¡v hnizmk]cnioe\w \ÂtI­Xv.
2. Npänepw \·hnXdpI
CutimbpsS ]ckyPohnXs¯¡pdn¨v hnip² ]t{Xmkv Çol km£n¡p¶p: \kdmb\mb tbiphns\ ]cnipZv[mXvamhn\mepw iIvXnbmepw ssZhw F§s\ A`ntjIw sNbvXpsh¶pw Ah³ F{]Imcw \³a {]hÀ¯n¨psIm­pw ]nimNn\m ]oUn¸n¡s¸«hsc kpJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­pw Npänk©cn¨psh¶pw \n§Ä¡v Adnbmw”(A¸.10:38). hym]cn¡p¶nSs¯Ãmw \·sNbvXpsIm­mWv Cutim ]cabmK¯n\v Hcp§nbXv. ss{IkvXhPohnXw \·bm AewIrXambncn¡Ww. Xn·sN¿p¶hÀ¡pw \·sN¿m\mWv Cutim injysc ]Tn¸n¨Xv (a¯m 5:38þ48). \³a sN¿p¶Xn \ap¡p aSp¸p tXm¶mXncn¡s« F¶v hnip² ]utemkv D]tZin¡p¶p (Kem 6:9). AXpsIm­v ho«nepÅhÀ¡pw Ab¡mÀ¡pw I­pap«p¶ FÃmhÀ¡pw CSs]Sp¶ FÃm cwK§fnepw \·sN¿m³ a¡sf IpSpw_§fn ]cnioen¸n¡p¶Xv hnip² IpÀ_m\bÀ¸W¯n\v \à Hcp¡amWv. kzbw Zm\w sNbvXpsIm­v \S¶ Cutimsb ]ns©Ãp¶hn[w ss{IkvXhPohnXw \bn¡pt¼mgmWv PohnXw IpÀ_m\bmIp¶Xv. Xncpk` ]Tn¸n¡p¶ ImcpWy{]hr¯nIÄ Hmtcm¶pw IpSpw_¯n A\pjvTn¡pt¼mÄ amXm]nXm¡Ä a¡fpsS ap¼n IpÀ_m\bmbn amdp¶p.
3. IpSpw_ {]mÀ°\:
IpÀ_m\bpsS apt¶mSn
ss{IkvXhsâ km[mcWbmbpÅ IpSpw_{]mÀ°\bnse {][m\LSI§fmb {XnImeP]hpw P]amebpw {InkvXphnsâ PohnXclky§fneqsS ]cnip² A½tbmsSm¶n¨pÅ bm{XbmWv. AXn\m CXns\ IpÀ_m\bv¡pÅ IpSpw_¯nse \à Hcp¡ambn ImWmhp¶XmWv.
P]ame Ignªp XncphN\w hmbn¡pt¼mÄ IpÀ_m\bnse hN\ip{iqjsb HmÀ½n¸n¡p¶p. ASp¯ Znhks¯ hnip² IpÀ_m\bnse XncphN\`mK§Ä hmbn¡pIbmsW¦n AXv IpÀ_m\bv¡mbpÅ ASp¯ Hcp¡ambncn¡pw. \µnbptSbpw bmN\bptSbpw KoX§Ä Be]n¡pt¼mÄ ssZhnImcm[\sb HmÀ½s¸Sp¯p¶p. {]mÀ°\mapdn Hcp¡p¶Xv IpÀ_m\bÀ¸W¯n\mbpÅ Hcp¡s¯ kqNn¸n¡p¶p.
4. ip{iqj: Hcp¡hpw
PohnXhpw.
A´y A¯mgthfbn hnip² IpÀ_m\ Øm]n¡p¶Xn\v sXm«pap¼v Cutim injy³amcpsS ]mZ§Ä IgpIn iq{iqjbpsS Gähpw henb amXrI \ÂIn. FfnabpÅ lrZbhpw iq{iqjn¡p¶ Ic§fpw _enbÀ¸W¯n\v A\nhmcyamWv F¶v Cutim ]Tn¸n¡pIbmbncp¶p. iq{iqjIÄ sN¿m³ Ip«nIsf IpSpw_§fn ]cnioen¸n¡Ww. H¶pw sN¿n¡msX Ahsc kZm emfn¨p hfÀ¯p¶Xv hnizmk]cnioe\aÃ; addpÅhÀ¡pth­n apdnbs¸« A¸ambn, ZnhyImcpWyambn, Pohn¡m\pÅ at\m`mhw hfÀt¯­ CSamWv IpSpw_w. amXm]nXm¡·msc tPmenIfn klmbn¡pI, ho«n tcmKnIfmbhsc ip{iqjn¡pI, ho«n hcp¶ AXnYnItfmSv D]Nmc]qÀÆw s]cpamdpI, Ahsc k¡cn¡pI XpS§nbh A¯cw ]cnioe\¯nÂs¸«XmWv. BXnYyacymZ ad¡cpXv. AXphgn, ssZhZqX³amsc AdnbmsX k¡cn¨hcp­v” (sl{_ 13:2) F¶pÅ XncphN\w BYnXyacymZ hoSpIfn Ip«nIsf A`ykn¸n¡p¶Xv hnizmk]cnioe\hpambn F{Xam{Xw _Ôs¸«ncn¡p¶psh¶v hyàam¡p¶p.
5.ZnhyImcpWy `àn
ZnhyImcpWy`àn hfÀ¯p¶Xv hnip² IpÀ_m\sb IqSqX kvt\ln¡m\pw hnip² IpÀ_m\tI{µoIrXamb PohnXw \bn¡m\pw klmbIamb ]cnioe\ambncn¡pw. ZnhyImcpWy`àn hfÀ¯m\pÅ Nne amÀ¤§Ä Xmsg sImSp¡p¶p.
Acq]n¡Sp¯ ZnhyImcpWy kzoIcWw
Acq]n¡Sp¯ ZnhyImcpWykzoIcWw t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶Xv IpÀ_m\bn Pohn¡m³ \s½ klmbn¡p¶XmWv. IpSpw_ {]mÀ°\bv¡ptijw “\nXykvXpXn¡v tbmKyamb ]cnip² IpÀ_m\bv¡v” F¶ ZnhyImcpWy{]IcWw DcphnSp¶Xv C¡mcyw \s½ HmÀ½n¸n¡p¶p. CXv IpÀ_m\sb¶ IqZmibv¡mbpÅ \nc´cm`nemjw \½psS lrZb§fn ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶Xn\p DXIp¶XmWv (hnip² IpÀ_m\bpsS Iq«mbva, \¼À 34). H¸w IpÀ_m\bv¡mbpÅ bYmÀ° hni¸v \½n \ne\nÀ¯m\pw Cu {]IcWw \s½ klmbn¡p¶p.
ZnhyImcpWy Bcm[\
Aaqey \n[nbmWv ZnhyImcpWyw. AXv BtLmjn¨psIm­p am{XaÃ, IpÀ_m\bv¡p ]pdta AXnsâ ap¼n {]mÀ°n¨psIm­pw, Ir]mhc¯nsâ DdhtbmSp _Ôs¸Sm³ Bcm[\bnepÅ kPoh `mK`mKnXzw \s½ klmbn¡p¶p. (hnip² IpÀ_m\bpsS Iq«mbva, \¼À 325)
hnip²cpw ZnhyImcpWy AÛpX§fpw
ZnhyImcpWy t{]jnXcmb hnip²scbpw ZnhyImcpWy AÛpX§tfbpw ]cnNbs¸Sp¯ns¡mSp¯psIm­pw hnip² IpÀ_m\bn Pohn¡m³ a¡sf ]Tn¸n¡mw. FUn 1 apX 1969 hsc temI¯p \S¶n«pÅ, It¯men¡m k` AwKoIcn¨n«pÅ 101 ZnhyImcpWy AÛpX§sf Ip«nIÄ¡v ]cnNbs¸Sp¯ns¡mSp¡p¶Xp hnip² IpÀ_m\tbmSpÅ `àn hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v CSbmIpw.
ZnhyImcpWy`ànbn Bgs¸Sm\pw {]Ncn¸n¡m\pw D]bpàamb {KÙamWv skeÌn³ Ipcnin¦ensâ ZnhyImcpWy AÛpX§Ä (2014).
hnip² IpÀ_m\bpsS amlmßyw hnfn¨dnbn¡p¶ hnip²cpsS hN\§Ä Ip«nIsf ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xv hnip² IpÀ_m\tI{µoIrX PohnX¯n\v \à t{]cWbpw {]tNmZ\hpamIpw.
D]kwlmcw
H¶mIensâ, kvt\l¯nsâ, \µnbpsS, ImcpWy¯nsâ, XymK¯nsâ, BßkaÀ¸W¯nsâ, £abpsS ]pXnb ioe§Ä hfÀ¯p¶, ]Tn¸n¡p¶ hnZymebambn, IpÀ_m\bpsS hnZymebambn C¶s¯ \½psS IpSpw_§Ä amdWw. B amäw C¶v XpS§mw. Hmtcm IpSpw_¯nepw Bcw`n¡mw.
acWkwkvImc¯n \n¶v PohkwkvImc¯nte¡v \½psS IpSpw_§sf ssI]nSn¨pbÀ¯mw, HcpatbmsS apt¶m«v!
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