21 June 2018
Theology
a¡fpsS hnhmlPohnX¯n amXm]nXm¡fpsS ]¦v
Rev.Dr. Babu Panattuparambil
Published on Tuesday Jun 05, 2018
a\pjyhÀKw Cu temI¯n \ne\n¶pt]mIp¶Xv kv{Xoþ]pcpj_Ôw hgnbmWv. FÃm P´pPohPme§fnepw Pohsâ ASnØm\w CXp Xs¶. ssZh¯nsâ krjvSnIÀa¯n ]¦ptNcp¶ kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pw ]pXnb Xeapd¡v P·w \ÂIp¶Xp hgn henb D¯chmZnXzw GsäSp¡pIbmWv. hnhmlPohnXhpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯n GXm\pw ASnØm\ Nn´IÄ ChnsS ]¦phbv¡p¶p.
F´mWv hnhmlw: hnimeamb AÀ°¯n hnhmlsa¶m {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pw Hcpan¨p Pohn¡m³ kaqlw \ÂIp¶ AwKoImcamsW¶p ]dbmw. hnhml_Ôw IqSmsXbpÅ kv{Xoþ]pcpj klhmkw þ GXp _Ô¯nepÅhÀ X½nemsW¦nepw þ kaql¯nsâ ap¶n Hcp tNmZyNnÓamWv. am{XhpaÃ, \nba¯nsâ ]cnc£t]mepw e`n¡bnÃ. FÃm aXhn`mK§fpw X§fptSXmb BNmcm\pjvTm\§tfmsS hnhmlw \S¯nhcp¶p. Hmtcm aX§fpw hnhmls¯ t\m¡n¡mWp¶ ImgvN¸mSnepw hnhmlw G¸n¡p¶ D¯chmZnXz§fnepw hyXymkap~­v. ]eÀ¡pw Cu hyXymkw AdnªpIqSm¯XpsIm~­v Cu ImeL«¯n {]tXyIn¨pw, sNdp¸¡mÀ¡nSbn aX§fpsS hyXymkw t\m¡msXbpÅ kvt\l_Ô§fpw hnhml§fpw IqSns¡m­~ncn¡p¶p.
ss{IkvXhhnhmlw: amt½mZok kzoIcn¨ {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pw ]qÀ®amb AdnthmSpw k½Xt¯mSpw IqsS, acWwhsc thÀ]ncnbm³ ]mSnÃm¯Xpw, X§Ä¡p~­mIp¶ a¡sf ]pWy¯n hfÀ¯p¶Xn\pwth­~n, Cutimaninlm Øm]n¨ IqZmibmWv It¯men¡mk`bn hnhmlw. aäp aX§Äs¡m¶pw AhImis¸Sm\nÃm¯ ]hn{Xamb, DZm¯amb _ÔamWv ss{IkvXhhnhmlw. CXnsâ A\\yX a\Ênem¡m³ Ignbp¶hÀ¡v Hcn¡epw aäp aXØcpambn hnhml_Ô¯n GÀs¸Sphmt\m ssZhw Iq«ntbmPn¸n¡p¶ _Ô¯n\v hncp²ambn Pohn¡phmt\m km[yaÃ.
GXp aXhn`mK¯nemsW¦nepw, hyXykvXamb PohnXkmlNcy§fn P\n¨p hfÀ¶ kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pw hnhml_Ô¯neqsS acWwhsc Hcpan¨p Pohn¡Wsa¦n ]ecpsSbpw klmb§Ä BhiyamWv. amXm]nXm¡Ä, ktlmZc§Ä, _Ôp¡Ä, kplr¯p¡Ä A§ns\ \o~­pt]mIp¶p ]«nI. CXn Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv amXm]nXm¡Ä Xs¶. Ipªn\v P·w \ÂIn, hfÀ¯n hepXm¡n a¡sf PohnXm´knte¡v {]thin¸n¡pt¼mÄ amXm]nXm¡Ä \nÀ_Ôambpw Cu ImeL«¯n Adnªncnt¡­~Xpw, {i²nt¡~­Xpamb Nne Imcy§Ä Xmsg Ipdn¡p¶p.
1. hnhml_Ôw Dd¸n¡p¶Xn\pap¼v: FÃm amXm]nXm¡Ä¡pw a¡Ä hfsc hnes¸«XmWv. a¡fpsS IpdhpIfpw IgnhpIfpw aämtc¡mfpw Xncn¨dnbm³ Ignbp¶Xv amXm]nXm¡Ä¡mWv. Hcp ]cn[nhsc amXm]nXm¡·mcn \n¶mWv a¡Ä ]eXpw I­~Xpw, ]Tn¨Xpw, kz´am¡nbXpw. hnhmlw At\zjn¨pd¸n¡p¶Xn\p ap¼v Fsâ aI\v/aIÄ¡v hnhmlPohnXw \bn¡m³ tbmKyXbpt­m F¶v hnthNn¨dnbWw. {]mb]qÀ¯nbmbXpsImt­~m, imcocnIambn hfÀ¶XpsImt~­m Hcp hyàn hnhmlPohnXw \bn¡m³ tbmKy\mIWsa¶v \nÀ_ÔanÃ. am\knIambn imcocnIambn, Bßobambn, [mÀanIambn hyànIÄ ]IzXbpÅhcmIWw.
2. am\knIamb ]IzX: hnhmlnXcmIp¶ hyànIÄ¡v hnhmlPohnX¯nsâ ISaIÄ \nÀhln¡m³ am\knIambn Ignhps­~¶v Dd¸phcp¯Ww. ""IeymWw Ignªm FÃmw icnbmbns¡mÅpw'' F¶ ]gs©mÃv Cu ImeL«¯n hnet¸mInÃ. adn¨v tbmKycmb kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pamWv hnhmlnXcmtI­~Xv. am\knIambn ]IzXbnÃm¯, am\knI AkzØXIfpÅ, hnhml¯nsâ {]mYanI Imcy§sf¡pdn¨pt]mepw AdnhnÃm¯ k{Xoþ]pcpj·mÀ C¶v temI¯nep~­v. Nnet¸msg¦nepw C§ns\bpÅ IpdhpIÄ Adnªn«pw amXm]nXm¡Ä Ahsb ad¨psIm~­v hnhml_豈 Dd¸n¡mdp~­v. H¶pIn ]¦mfntbmSpw IpSpw_t¯mSpw Xpd¶p]dbpI, AXsæn sshZyklmbt¯msS NnInÕn¨v t`Zam¡pIbmWv amXm]nXm¡Ä sNt¿­~Xv. adn¨pÅ Xocpam\§Ä thsdmcp hyànsbbpw IpSpw_s¯bpw \in¸n¡m\pw, kz´w IpSpw_¯n am{Xw Adnªncp¶ Imcy§Ä kaql¯n ]ckyamIm\pw hnhml¯nsâ BßmÀYXsb tNmZyw sN¿m\pw am{Xta D]Icn¡q.
3. imcocnI ]IzX: {]Xy£¯n Xncn¨dnbm¯Xpw F¶m amXm]nXm¡Ä AÂ]w {i²n¨m a\knem¡m³ Ignbp¶Xpamb imcocnI sshIey§fpÅ kv{Xoþ]pcpj³amÀ C¶v temI¯nep~­v. Zm¼Xy_Ôw ]e ImcW§Äs¡m­~v A\pjvTn¡m³ IgnhnÃm¯hÀ. Htc hÀ¤¯nÂs¸«htcmSv am{Xw XmÂ]cyapÅhÀ, ssewKnI sshIrX§Ä¡v ASnabmbn«pÅhÀ, Ipªp§Ä D~­mIpIbnà F¶v Dd¸pÅhÀ, aäpÅhÀ¡v Adnbm¯ Kuchamb tcmKapÅhÀ XpS§nbhÀs¡m¶pw BtcmKyapÅ hnhmlPohnXw \bn¡pI km[yaÃ. imcocnIamb hnIeX ad¨ph¨psIm~­pÅ hnhmlw Dd¸n¡Â Kuchamb sXämWv.
4. Bßobamb ]IzX: ssZh¯n hnizmkanÃm¯hÀ¡pw Bßob PohnX¯n H«pwXs¶ XmÂ]cyanÃm¯hÀ¡pw {InkvXob hnhmlPohnXw \bn¡m³ km[n¡bnÃ. hnhmlnXcmIp¶ hyànIÄ X½n Bßob s]mcp¯w hnPbIcamb IpSpw_PohnX¯n\v A\nhmcyamWv. PohnX¯nep­~mIp¶ sNdpXpw hepXpamb {]Xn_豈 AXnPohn¡m³ ssZhhnizmkhpw ssZhm{ibt_m[hpw Gsd klmbIcamWv. Z¼XnIfnsemcmÄ BgapÅ {InkvXob hnizmkPohnXw \bn¡pIbpw ]¦mfnbmIp¶ hyàn k`mhnizmkhpw IqZmi PohnXhpambn bmsXmcp _ÔanÃm¯ PohnXw \bn¡pIbpw sNbvXm ]ckv]cw s]mcp¯s¸«pt]mIpI Gsd ZpjvIcamWv.
5. [mÀanIamb s]mcp¯w: Z¼XnIfmIp¶hÀ X½n [mÀanIamb s]mcp¯w Gsd {]m[m\yapÅXmWv. Cu ImeL«¯n Ip«nIÄ hfcp¶ kmlNcyw Gsd {]tXyIXbpÅXmWv. s]¬Ip«nIfpw B¬Ip«nIfpw ASp¯nS]gIm\pÅ kmlNcy§Ä IqSpXemWv. AhnlnX _Ô§fpw Iq«pIqSnbpÅ ]co£W§fpw ]ebnS¯pw Act§dp¶p. hnhml_Ô§fn ]eXpw ]qÀh_Ô§fpsS t]cnepw AhnlnX_豈 XpScp¶Xnsâ t]cnepw hgnap«n \n¡p¶p. amXm]nXm¡Ä a¡fpsS PohnXkmlNcy§fpw, Iq«psI«pIfpw, Xg¡tZmj§fpw Xncn¨dnbm³ {ian¡Ww. Xncpt¯­~Xv Xncp¯m\pw ]pXnb PohnX¯nsâ D¯chmZnXzw GsäSp¡m\pw a¡sf {]m]vXcm¡Ww. acWw hsc H¶n¨p \nÂt¡­~ PohnX¯n\v amXm]nXm¡fpsS kab¯pÅ CSs]S Gsd D]Imc{]ZamWv.
6. hnhmlw Dd¸n¨pIgnªmÂ: ]gb ImeL«s¯ At]£n¨v, hnhmlw Dd¸n¨pIgnªv hnhmlw \S¡p¶XphscbpÅ ImeL«w hfsc hnes¸«XmWv. X\n¡p In«m\pÅ hnlnXw \jvSs¸SmXncn¡m³ hnhmlw Dd¨psh¶v Dd¸phcpt¯­Xv Z¼XnIsf¡mfpw IpSpw_mwK§sf¡mfpw hnhmlZÃmfnsâ D¯chmZnXzambn amdnbncn¡p¶p. c­p IpSpw_§sfs¡m­pw ap{Zt]¸dn H¸nSphn¡pI, tamXnchpw hfbpw ssIamdpI, samss_epIÄ ssIamdn t^m¬ hnfnIÄ Bcw`n¡pI, Hcpan¨p ss_¡vbm{XIÄ \S¯pI XpS§nbhsbÃmw \nXykw`h§fmbn amdnbncn¡p¶p. apIfnÂ]dª Imcy§Ä¡v amXm]nXm¡fpsS k½XwIqSn In«n¡gnbpt¼mÄ ]eXpw AXncphnSp¶psh¶XmWv kXyw. hnhml¯n\pap¼v ]ckv]cw Adnbp¶Xv \ÃXmWv F¶v k½Xn¡p¶ps­¦nepw H¶pw Adnbm³ _m¡nbnÃm¯ coXnbn Adntb~­ Bhiyapt~­m F¶p hnebncp¯p¶Xv \½psS ]Ým¯e¯n \ÃXmWv. kv{Xo[\w tNmZn¡p¶Xv IpäIcamsW¶v a\knem¡n aIÄ¡v \ÂIp¶ ]nXrkz¯v kt´mjIcambn kzoIcn¡m³ ]pcpj³ am\knIambn Hcpt§~­ kabw sshInbncn¡p¶p. Bcw`n¡m³ t]mIp¶ ]pXnb PohnX¯n\v am\knIambpw Bßobambpw Hcp§p¶Xn\mWv hnhmlnXcmIm³ t]mIp¶ Z¼XnIÄ Cu ImeL«s¯ {]tbmP\s¸Spt¯~­Xv.
7. hnhml BtLmj¯n\p]Icw C¶v BÀ`mShpw [qÀ¯pw: Hcp hyànbpsS PohnX¯n Gähpw {][m\s¸« aplqÀ¯amWv acWwhsc \o~­p\n¡p¶ ]¦mfnsb PohnX¯nte¡v kzoIcn¡p¶ \nanjw. AXpsIm~­v Xs¶ hnhmlw AhnkvacWobamb hn[¯n BtLmjn¡p¶Xv XnI¨pw AÀ°h¯mWv. F¶m C¶s¯ hnhml§fn ]eXpw BÀ`mShpw [qÀ¯pamWv. hnhmlmtLmj§Ä \nb{´n¡p¶Xv "Châv amt\Pvsaâv' BWv. ]Ånbnte¡v t]mepw AXnsâ A\pcW\§Ä F¯nsb¶pÅXv XnI¨pw hnNn´\hnjbamt¡­~XmWv. t^mt«m FSp¡m³ BImi¯v aqfn¸d¡p¶ Iymad, hcsâbpw h[phnsâbpw ASp¯p\n¡m³ AÂ]hkv{X[mcnIfmb "^vfhÀ tKÄkv', IpXnc¸pd¯p h¶nd§p¶ hc³ A§ns\ XpS§n ]eXpw. ]Ånbn IÀa§fn ]s¦Sp¡ms\¯p¶ ]ecpw B{Kln¡p¶Xv kzbw {]ZÀin¸n¡emWv.
hnhml BinÀhmZIÀa§fn ]s¦Sp¡p¶Xv hncense®mhp¶ BfpIÄ, ]s¦Sp¡p¶hÀXs¶ Ae£yambpw A{i²ambpw ssZhmeb¯n\I¯v \n¡p¶Xp ImWmw. {]mÀY\m]qÀhw ]hn{Xambn ]cnIÀaw sN¿s¸tS~­ IqZmiIÀaw C¶v shdpw {]lk\ambn t]mIp¶pthm F¶p kwibn¡Ww. amXm]nXm¡Ä¡p am{Xta ChnsS Hcp \nb{´WtcJ sIm~­phcm³ IgnbpIbpÅq.
8. hnhmltijw amXm]nXm¡fpsS D¯chmZnXzw: X§fpsS IpSpw_¯nte¡p ]pXnbXmbn IS¶phcp¶ acpaIs\/acpaIsf kz´w a¡sft¸mse ImWm³ IgnbWw. hyXykvXamb kz`mhkhntijXIfpÅ ]pcpj\pw kv{Xobpw Hcpan¨p Pohn¡m³ XpS§pt¼mÄ A\p`hk¼¯pÅ A¸\pw A½bpw klmbhpw hgnIm«nbpambn amdWw. Z¼XnIÄ¡pth­~n amXm]nXm¡Ä Hcp Xocpam\hpsaSp¡cpXv. ]Icw Xocpam\saSp¡m³ klmbn¨m aXn. a¡fpsS PohnX¯n AanXambn CSs]Sp¶Xv Z¼XnIÄ X½n s]mcp¯s¸Sm\pw, Ffp¸¯n ASp¡m\pw ]et¸mgpw XSkambn \n¡psa¶Xn kwibanÃ. acpaIfpsS ap¶nÂsh¨v kz´w `mcysbtbm, aIs\tbm hneIpd¨v kwkmcn¡cpXv. AXpt]mse¯s¶ acpaIsâ ap¶n A¸s\bpw kz´w aIsfbpw. hnhmlw Ignªm aI³ A¸sâ klmbnbmImw. ]t£ shdpw B{inX\mIcpXv. km¼¯nI kzmX{´yw \ÂIWw.IpSpw_¯nse¯p¶ acpaIÄ¡mIWw aIsâ PohnX¯n IqSpX Øm\ap­mtI­~Xv. A¸\nÃmsX hfÀ¯p¶ aI\pw A½bnÃmsX hfÀ¯p¶ aIÄ¡pw, A½tbmSpw A¸t\mSpw AÂ]w IqSpX ASp¸w D~­mImw. F¶m hnhmlnXcmIp¶tXmsS PohnX]¦mfnIÄ¡v AÀln¡p¶ Øm\w In«mXncn¡m³ amXmhpw ]nXmhpw ImcWamIcpXv. aI³ hnhmlnX\mbm kmh[m\w IpSpw_¯nsâ D¯cmhZnXzw aI\nte¡pw ASp¡fbnse t\XrXzw acpaIfnte¡pw amdWw. ap³koänencp¶ A½ kmh[m\w ]pdInte¡p amdns¡mSp¡Ww.
IpSpw_¯n hnhn[ XeapdIfpsS km¶n[yw A\p{KloXamWv. Ip«nIÄ ]eXpw I~­p]Tn¡p¶Xv ]gb Xeapdbn \n¶mWv. AXpsIm~­v Iq«pIpSpw_w km[n¡p¶XnSt¯mfw t{]mÕmln¸n¡Ww. thÀ]ncnªp a¡Ä Xmakn¡bmsW¦n H¶p tNcen\pÅ Ahkc§Ä D­~m¡m³ {ian¡Ww.
]nXrkz¯p ]¦phbv¡m³ acWwhsc amXm]nXm¡Ä Im¯p\nÂt¡­~ ImcyanÃ. AÀ°w \jvSs¸«pt]mb Ht«sd ]gb BNmc§Ä ]pcmX\ IpSpw_§Ä \ne\nÀ¯nt¸mcp¶p. hnhml¯n\ptijw hoSpImWm³ hcnI, KÀ`nWnbmbm hbdpImWm³ hcnI, Iq«ns¡m~­pt]mI C§ns\ ]eXpw. CXnsâ Iq«¯nepÅ ]elmcw sImSp¡epw, hkvXphIIÄ ssIamdepw ]et¸mgpw hg¡pIÄ¡v ImcWamIp¶psh¶XmWv kXyw. A\mhiyamb BNmc§Ä \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯m\pw th­~nh¶m \nÀ¯em¡m\pw _Ôs¸«hcpw amXm]nXm¡fpw {i²n¡Ww.
hnhml_豈 Iq«ntbmPn¸n¡p¶Xnepw thÀs¸Sp¶Xnepw amXm]nXm¡Ä henb ]¦phln¡p¶psh¶XmWv kXyw. a¡fpsS \·am{Xw B{Kln¡p¶ amXm]nXm¡Ä AÂ]w {i²n¨m a¡fpsS Zm¼Xy_Ôw hnPbIcamIpw. AÂ]w A{i²bpw AhnthIhpw ]cnlcn¡m³ Ignbm¯ AI¨Ifnte¡pw XIÀ¨Ifnte¡pw a¡fpsS IpSp__Ôs¯ \bn¡pw. DWÀ¶p {]hÀ¯n¡m\pÅ hcw GhÀ¡pw e`n¡s«.
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