17 August 2017
Travel
amXmhnsâ IÃdbpw kzÀ¤mtcm]W Xncp\mfpw
Fr.Francis Kuthoor
Published on Tuesday Aug 01, 2017

temI¯nsâ \m\m`mK§fn BtLmj]qÀhw sIm­mSp¶ Hcp Xncp\mfmWv amXmhnsâ kzÀKmtcm]Ww. `mcX¯n\v CXv kzmX{´yZn\¯nsâ Cc«na[pcamWv.

amXmhnsâ Ahkm\ \mfpIÄ

kqcys\ DSbmSbm¡nbhÄ... (shfn 12/12), ]m]¯n\pw acW¯n\pw apIfn hnPbw hcn¨hÄ (DÂ] 3/15, k¦o 8:6, 1 tImdn 15/54). `uanI kzmX{´y¯neqsS kzÀ¤ob kzmX{´y¯nte¡pÅ hgnIm«nbmbn amdnbhÄ! XncphN\hgnIfnse Npcp¡w CS§fnsemgnsI amXmhnsâ A´y\mfpIsf¡pdn¨v hnip² {KÙw \niÐamWvþFhnsSbmbncp¶psht¶m, F{Xhbkphsc Pohns¨t¶m, F§s\bmbncp¶p A´ysat¶m H¶pw ]dbp¶nÃ. F¶m hnip² ]mc¼cyamWv amXmhv Ahkm\ Ime¯v injycpsam¯v sPdpktean sklntbm³ amfnItbmSp tNÀ¶pÅ `h\¯nemWv hkn¨ncp¶sX¶pw (B. Inatii missa S. Joanni), 50 hbkphscbmWv Pohn¨sX¶pw, KXvvksa\nbn tPmk^m¯p XmgvhcbnemWv AS¡nbsX¶pw (Joannis liber de Dormitione Mariae 34th cent) AhnsS \n¶v kzÀ¤¯nte¡v kwhln¡s¸«sX¶psaÃmw (De transitu B.M. Virginis 4th cent) km£n¡p¶Xv. hnip² F¸n^m\nbqkv, hnip² {KnKdn, hnip² CkntZmÀ, hnip² tPm¬ Uajym³ XpS§nb k`m]nXm¡·mcpw, GItZiw 50 Hmfw A{]amWnI {KÙ§fpw, sPdpkteanse 395 se \akvImc ]pkvXIhpw CXns\ Ipdn¨v {]Xn]mZn¡p¶p­v.

Xncp\mÄ

BZna \qäm­n ""ssZhamXmhnsâ Dd¡Xncp\mÄ'' (Koimesis Theotoku)F¶ t]cn ]uckvXy k`Ifn kzÀK{]thiw BtLmjn¨ncp¶p. audnkv N{IhÀ¯n (582þ 602) Cu acW¯ncp\mÄ HmKkväv 15 Bbn {]Jym]n¨p. skÀPnbqkv ]m¸bmIs« (687þ702) Cu Xncp\mÄ tdmanse¯n¨p. ""AatemXvv`hbpw I\yIbpw ssZhamXmhpamb adnbw CltemI PohnX¯nsâ Ahkm\¯n Bßicoc§tfmsS kzÀ¤alXz¯nte¡v FSp¡s¸«p'' (Munificentissinus Deus 44 ) F¶Xv hnizmk kXyambn {]Jym]n¨Xv (!950) 12þmw ]nbqkv amÀ]m¸bmWv.

hnhcWw

5þmw \qäm­n jnt¯mt]mfnknse kndnÄ \ÂIp¶ hnhcWa\pkcn¨v (Euthymiaca Historia) sPdpkteanse ]m{XnbÀ¡okv Pph\ent\mSv ImÂknU¬ kq\ltZmkn\nSbv¡v N{IhÀ¯n amÀknb\pw `mcy ]pÄ¡cnbbpw amXmhnsâ Xncptijn¸v e`n¡Wsa¶v B{Klw {]ISn¸n¨t¸mÄ arXkwkvImc tijw aq¶mw Znhkw amXmhnsâ IÃd iq\yambn ImWs¸«psh¶pw Ac¸« am{XamWv sKXvksa\n Ahtijn¡p¶sX¶pw Adnbn¨Xmbn tcJs¸Sp¯p¶p. amXmhnsâ A´y\nanj§fn temI¯nsâ \m\m`mK§fn \n¶pw injyÀ sPdpktean Xncns¨¯nsb¶pw tXmakv am{Xw C´ybn \n¶pw Xmakn¨mWv F¯nbsX¶pw At±lw IÃdbn Ac¸«am{XamWv Is­sX¶pamWv A{]amWnI {KÙ§Ä \ÂIp¶ hnhcWw.

kzÀKmtcm]Ww

\½psS IpSpw_§fn D]tbmKn¨ncp¶ "KrlkJn' bn alnabpsS \memw clky¯n "]cnip² I\ymImadnbw Cu temI PohnXw Ahkm\n¨t¸mÄ kzÀ¤mtcm]nXbmbn' F¶v sNmÃnbncp¶Xv HmÀ¡pI. ]pXnb ]e {]mÀ°\m ]pkvXI§fnsebpw hniZoIcW§Ä sXän²cn¸n¡p¶hbmWv. Cutim kzÀ¤¯nte¡v Itcdnsb¦n amXmhv CutimbpsS iànbm kzÀ¤¯nte¡v Itcäs¸«p. acWtijtam AÃtbm F¶Xv hnizmk kXy¯nepÄs¡mÅn¨n«nsænepw "Ahkm\n¨t¸mÄ' (being completed) F¶p tNÀ¯Xv acWtijw F¶p Xs¶bmsW¶mWv ssZhimkv{XÚÀ hnebncp¯pI.
1997 Pq¬ 25 \pÅ HmUnb³kn hnip² tPm¬ t]mÄ c­ma³ ]m¸ CXn\p \ÂIp¶ hniZoIcWw CXmWv: "ssZh¯nsâ {]tXyI ]cnKWbm DXv`h ]m]anÃmsX P\n¨Xn\m ]m]¯nsâ ^eamb icocw AgpIp¶Xn \n¶pw AhÄ hnapàbmbn. F¦nepw acW¯n \n¶pw hnapàbmIWsa¶nÃ. ]p{X\mb CutimbpsS c£Wob IÀ½¯n klImÀanWnbmb AhÄ AhnSps¯t¸mse acW¯nepw D°m\¯nepw ]¦p tNcp¶Xpw DNnXamWv.'

"Dd¡¯nsâ B{iaw'

sPdpksew XoÀYmSIsc hnkvabn¸n¡p¶XmWv amXmhnsâ acWt¯mS\p_Ôn¨pÅ c­p ]ÅnIÄ. kotbm³ aebn sklntbm³ amfnIbv¡p kao]apÅ "Dd¡¯nsâ B{iaw' (Dormition Abbey, 1910) amXmhv Ahkm\ \mfpIÄ Nnehgn¨Xpw \nXy\n{Zbnte¡v {]thin¨Xpamb ØeamWv. Cu PÀ½³ _\UnÎv B{ia¯nsâ ASn¸Ånbn adnbw Dd§p¶ Hcp {]Xnabp­v. achpw B\s¡m¼pw sIm­v XoÀ¯XmWnXv. D¯c¯nemIs« ]gb\nba¯nse adnb¯nsâ kv{Xo {]Xncq]§fpw.

"amXmhnsâ I_dnSw'

"amXmhnsâ I_dnSw' F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ kzÀ¤mtcm]W ]ÅnbmWv c­mat¯Xv. sPdpktean KXvksa³ tXm«¯n\cnsI HenhpaebpsS Nph«n sIt{Zm¬ tXmSn\cnsI A¶s¯ tPmk^m¯p Xmgvhcbn \n¡p¶ ssZhmebw. ""Transitus Virginis'' ]dbp¶Xpt]mse ]t{Xmknsâ t\XrXz¯n injy·mÀ {]Z£nWambn kotbm\n \n¶v sIm­ph¶v AS¡nb ]pXnb IÃdbpsS Øew.

hnkvab¡mgvN

tdmUn \n¶v t\m¡nbm `q\nc¸n\p Xmsg ImWp¶ Cu ]ÅnbpsS apJhmcw Ipcnipbp² ImeL«¯nteXmWv. IhmS¯n\I¯v 45þ 50 Nhn«p ]SnIfmWv. Cd§pt¼mÄ he¯phi¯p ImWp¶ Aįmc amXmhnsâ amXm]nXm¡fmb hnip² sPmhm¡nant\bpw hnip² A¶tbbpw A\pkvacn¡p¶p. ChnsSbmWv 1161  saenkn´ cmÚnsb AS¡nbXv. CSXphit¯Xv butk¸nXmhntâXmWv. ChnsS Ipcnipbp²Imes¯ aäv {]`znamsc AS¡nbncn¡p¶p. ]Snbnd§n Xmsg sN¶m H¯ncn hnf¡pIÄ Xq¡nbn«ncn¡p¶, I¯n¨ F®hnf¡nsâbpw [q]§fpsSbpw ]mSpIÄ Ahtijn¸n¨ Ac­ shfn¨¯nepÅ AI¯fw. heXp`mK¯mbn Nn{XIebn s]mXnª (FUnIyqÄ) Ad. CXn\It¯¡v Ip¼n«p IS¶m amXmhns\ AS¡nbncn¡p¶ iq\yamb IÃd. {]mÀY\m \ntbmK§Ä \nt£]n¡m³ NnÃp IhN¯n kpjnc§fp­v.

Ncn{Xw

1972  s_ÃÀaot\m _Km¯nbpsS ]pcmhkvXp KthjW¯n ChnsS H¶mw \qäm­n skant¯cnbmbncps¶¶pw CXnse aq¶p tNw_dpIfn DÅnet¯XnemWv amXmhns\ h¨ncp¶sX¶pw CXv aq¶mw \qäm­nemWv aäpÅhbn \n¶pw thÀXncn¨v Hcp FUnIyqÄ B¡nbsX¶pw Is­¯n. A©mw \qäm­n Pqh\ ]m{XnbÀ¡oknsâ Ime¯mWv ChnsS D°m\ ]ÅnbpsS amXrIbn Aã`pP ]Ån \nÀ½n¡s¸«Xv. 614  t]Àjy¡mÀ apX ]eXhW \in¸n¡s¸SpIbpw ]pXp¡pIbpw sNbvX Cu ssZhmebw AXn {]uVntbmsSþ aq¶v tKm]pc§fpw s_\UnÎv B{iahpaS¡wþ]p\À\nÀan¨Xv Ipcnipbp²¡mcmWv (1130). "tPmk^m¯v Xmgvhcbnse amXmhnsâ B{iaw' F¶dnbs¸« Cu ]Ån 1187  kel±n³ XIÀ¯v Xcn¸Wam¡nsb¦nepw {In]äv \in¸n¨nÃ. ]Icw Cukm \_nbpsS A½bptSXmIbm apkvenwapIÄ¡pw {]mÀ°n¡m³ IÃdbpsS heXphi¯v \nÀan¨ anlvd_v C¶pw AhnsSbp­v. 1363  {^m³knkv¡³kv BWv Cu ]Ån C¶pÅ cq]¯n \hoIcn¨Xv.
1757  CXv {Ko¡v HmÀ¯tUmIvkvImÀ AhImiam¡n. C¶v Chcpw AÀta\nb³ A¸kvtXmenIv NÀ¨pamWv CXv kwc£n¡p¶Xv.

Ac­ shfn¨¯nse AÛpX ImgvNIfpw Aev]kabs¯ AI¯f¯nse {]mÀY\bpw Ignªv ]pdt¯¡v Ibdpt¼mÄ a\kn sXfnbpI c­mw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knensâ hmIy§fmWv.
""IÀ¯mhnsâ Znhkw DZbw sN¿p¶Xphsc adnbw `qapJ¯p XoÀYmS\w sN¿p¶ ssZhP\¯n\v kp\nÝnXamb {]Xo£bpsSbpw kamizmk¯nsâbpw ASbmfambn {]Imin¨psIm­ncn¡p¡pw...''(Xncpk` 68).
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