25 February 2018
Travel
hÀKobhmZnIfpsS {i²bv¡v: CXv
princy pinto
Published on Tuesday Dec 12, 2017
{]n³kn ]ntâm
aX§sf thensI«n Xncn¨p a\pjysc X½n XÃn¡pIbpw A[nImc¯ntebv¡pff ]mX sh«n¯pd¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Ime¯v aXkulmÀZ¯nsâ DZm¯ amXrIbmbn B{Kbnse "AIv_À NÀ¨vv'. hnhn[ aXm\pbmbnIsf BZcn¡pIbpw AhtcmSv kulmÀZ]qÀhw CSs]SpIbpw sNbvX apKÄ N{IhÀ¯n AIv_À ss{IkvXhÀ¡mbn 1598  \nÀan¨p \ÂInbXmWv at\mlcamb Cu ssZhmebw.
]Xn\mdmw \qäm­n (1526) {]Xm]hm\mb _m_À N{IhÀ¯n C´ybn Øm]n¨XmWv CÉman ASn¯dbpÅ apKÄ cmPhwiw. _m_dn\p tijw h¶ lpabq¬ A´cn¨t¸mgmWv AIv_À UÂln kp¯m\mbn A[nImctaäXv. aXssa{XnbpsS hàmhmbncp¶ At±l¯nsâ `cWImew 1556 apX 1605 hscbmWv. Ht«sd hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw P\t£a {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw t\XrXzw \ÂInb At±lw 1565  \nÀan¨ B{KtIm« cmP[m\nbm¡nbmWv `cWw \S¯nbXv. lnµp¡fpw apkvenwIfpw ss{IkvXhcpw ]ckv]cw klIcn¨pw kvt\ln¨pw Ignªncp¶ Imeambncp¶p AXv.
AIv_À N{IhÀ¯nbpsS aXssa{Xnsb¸än tI«dnª aq¶p Cutimk`m sshZnIÀ 1580 s^{_phcn 18 \v N{IhÀ¯nsb ImWms\¯n. A¶v tKmh tI{µoIcn¨p {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶ t]mÀ¨pKokv anj\dnamcmb ^m. sdmtUmÄ^v AIzn\, ^m. At´mWn sam¬kdm¯, ^m. {^mt¦m sl³dnIv F¶nhcpambn kwkmcn¨ AIv_À N{IhÀ¯n Xsâ kÀhaX ssa{Xnsb¸än hniZambn ]dªp. ]n¶oSv Xm³ Øm]n¡m\ncn¡p¶ "Zn³ Cemln' F¶ kÀhaX {]Øm\s¯¸änbpw ]dªp. sshZnIcpambn kpZrV_Ôw Øm]n¨ At±lw A¶p B{Kbn AÀta\nb³ hwiPÀ Xmakn¨ncp¶ Hcp {]tZi¯v ss{IkvXh ssZhmebw Øm]n¡m\mbn Øew sImSp¯p. ]n¶oSv AhnsS At±l¯nsâ klmbt¯msS ssZhmebw \nÀan¡s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. 1598  \nÀamWw ]qÀ¯nbmb ssZhmebw C¶pw k©mcnIÄ¡v hnkvab¡mgvNbmbn apKÄ `cW¯nsâ a[pckvacWIÄ ]Icp¶p.
FÃm {Inkvakv Zn\¯nepw cmhnse AIv_À N{IhÀ¯nbpw {]`p¡·mcpw ]cnhmc§fpw ]Ånbnse¯pambncp¶psh¶v Ncn{XtcJIÄ Nq­n¡m«p¶p.
sshIpt¶c§fnembncp¶p sIm«mc¯nse kv{XoIfpw Ip«nIfpw h¶ncp¶Xv. C¡me¯v t]mÀ¨pKokv anj\dnamÀ ss__nÄ kµÀ`§Ä Bkv]Zam¡n eLp\mSI§Ä AhXcn¸n¨ncp¶t¸mÄ, Ah ImWm³ N{IhÀ¯nbpw F¯pambncp¶phs{X. AIv_À N{IhÀ¯nbpsS acWtijw At±l¯nsâ aI³ PlmwKndpw ss{IkvXhcpambn kulrZw Im¯p]men¨p. 1610  PlmwKnÀ N{IhÀ¯nbpsS aq¶p _Ôp¡Ä Cu ]Ånbn h¨v amt½mZok kzoIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXpsh¶v Ncn{Xw.
F¶m PlmwKndn\p tijw kp¯m\mb jmPlm³ t]mÀ¨pKokpImcpambn \à _Ô¯nembncp¶nÃ. AhtcmsSm¸w sshZnIscbpw IÌUnbnseSp¯p ]oUn¸n¨p. ]Ån s]mfn¨pIfbWsa¶ hyhØbn 1635  Ahsc hn«bbv¡pIbmbncp¶p. A§s\ BZy ]Ån s]mfn¨pIfsª¦nepw 1636 Xs¶ ]pXp¡n¸WnbpIbpw sNbvXp. 1598  \nÀan¨ ]ÅnbpsS AtX Øm\¯v, AtX ssienbnepÅXmbncp¶p B ]Ån. ASp¯ c­p \qäm­pIfnepw ]e {]XnkÔnIfpap­msb¦nepw "AIv_dpsS ]Ån' C¶pw B{KbpsS apJap{Zbmbn \nesImÅp¶p.
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