17 January 2018
11/01/2018
PILGRIM CENTRES

a[ytIcf¯nse ss{IkvXhcpsSbnSbn {]Npc{]Nmcw t\Snb ]c¼cmKXamb Xncp\mfmWv "]n­nIp¯ns]cp¶mÄ'. P\phcn 6 \v cm{Xnbn ho«papä¯v hmg¸n­n \m«n \nÀ¯n AXn ]´§Ä sXfn¨v Npäpw \S¶v "GÂ]¿', (ssZhw {]Imin¡p¶p) F¶v BÀ¯p hnfn¡p¶p. Bcm[\{Ia]cambn \mw CXns\ aninlmbpsS {]Xy£oIcWs¯ kqNn¸n¨psIm­v Z\lmXncp\mÄ F¶p hnfn¡p¶p. (DZn¡pI, {]Imin¡pI Fs¶ms¡ AÀYw hcp¶ "Z\lv' F¶ kpdnbm\n {Inbm]Z¯n \n¶pw DXv`hw) "kqtcymZbw' F¶mWnXn\ÀYw. ]uckvXy k`Ifn tbiphnsâ amt½mZokmbneqsSbpff ssZhmhnjvImcamWv kqNnXsa¦n ]mÝmXyk`bn cmPm¡·mcpsS kµÀi\w hgn (a¯m 2:1þ12) aninlm ]pdwPmXnIÄ¡v shfns¸Sp¯p¶XmWv A\pkvacn¡pI. ]qPcmPm¡·mÀ BcmWnhÀ? AhschnsS \n¶p h¶p? F§s\ h¶p? Ft§m«pt]mbn? ]n¶osS´p kw`hn¨p? Cu tNmZy§Äs¡m¶pw IrXyamb D¯c§fnÃ. kphntij§fn hnip² a¯mbn am{Xw hnhcn¡p¶ Chsc¡pdn¨v ]e Nn´IÄ \ne\n¡p¶p. {Ko¡v aqe¯n "Magoi' F¶ ]Zw kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv ]gb t]Àjy³ aX¯nse Hcp ]ptcmlnXKWs¯bmsW¶mWv ]ÞnXaXw. ChÀ BtKmfXe¯n A¶dnbs¸«ncp¶ hm\\nco£Icmbncp¶p (Astrologists) F¶Xpw \nKa\¯n\v iànIq«p¶p. Chscmcn¡epw a{´hmZ§Ä D]tbmKn¡p¶hcmbncp¶nÃ. AXn\m \mw aebmf¯n ]cn`mj sN¿p¶ "hnÚm\nIsf'¶ ]Zambncn¡pw ChÀ¡v DNnXw. ]gb\nba¯nsâ NphSp ]nSn¨v (Gi 60/3; k¦o 68/29; 72/10) ]mÝmXy ]mc¼cyw Chsc F¶pw cmPm¡·mcmbn«pXs¶bmWv IcpXnbncp¶Xpw Nn{XoIcn¡mdpffXpw. ]uckvXyk`Ifn hyXykvX t]cpIfn Adnbs¸«ncp¶psh¦nepw IqSpX {]Nmcw e`n¨Xv ]mÝmXyÀ \ÂInb t]cpIfmWv. t]Àjy³ ]ÞnX\mb sa¡ntbmÀ (Melchoir), C´ybn \n¶pÅ ]ÞnX\mb Imkv]À (Casper) (Ct±ls¯ Kmkv]À F¶pw tXmamÇolm `mcX¯n h¶t¸mÄ ChnsSbp­mbncp¶ Kp­^tdmkv (Gondopharos, 21AD 47) Ct±lw Xs¶bmsW¶pw (Acts of St. Thomas) ]mc¼cyap­v), _m_ntemWnb³ ]ÞnX\mb _mįkÀ (Balthazar). hnip² a¯mbn ChÀ Ing¡p\n¶p h¶p F¶ÃmsX FhnsS \n¶msWt¶m F{X t]cmsWt¶m ]dªn«nÃ. ]mc¼cyw C¶s¯ ]ekvXo\mbv¡v Ing¡pff Adnhnsâ temIw ChÀ¡v \nÝbn¡pIbpw k½m\§fpsS F®a\pkcn¨v aq¶p t]cmsW¶v \nÝbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ChcpsS bm{Xm ImeL«w 13 Znhkw apX (hn. AKkvXot\mkv) tltdmtZmkv inip¡sf h[n¡ms\Sp¯ 2 hÀjw hsc F{X thWsa¦nepw BImsa¶mWv ]ÞnXaXw. ChcpsS ihIpSoc§sf¡pdn¨pw hyXykvX ]mc¼cy§fp­vv. hnip² sle\m cmPvRnbpsS {]ikvXamb hnip²\mSv XoÀ°mS\¯n CXv Is­¯nsb¶pw aq¶pt]cpsSbpw `uXnImhinã§fpw hne]nSn¸pÅ k½m\§fpambn Hcp s]«nbnem¡n A¶s¯ tIm¬kvämânt\m¸nfnse¯ns¨¶pw hnizkn¡p¶p. ChnSps¯ "lKnb skm^nb' ]Ånbn \n¶pw 334  FhpkvXmÀPnbqkv sa{Xm³ Cu Xncptijn¸v anem\nse¯n¨p. 1164  anem³ IogS¡nb hnip² tdma³ N{IhÀ¯nbmb (Holy Roman Emperor) s{^Udn¡v H¶ma³ _mÀ_tdmk (Frederic I Barborosa) CXv PÀ½\nbnse sImtfmWn sIm­pt]mbn. Cu Aaqeyamb Xncptijn¸v AXnsâ tbmKyXtbmsS kq£n¡m\mWv C¶p ImWp¶ al\obamb sImtfm¬ I¯o{U \nÀan¨Xv. Xncptijn¸nsâ IqSmcw (Shrine of the Three Kings) sImtfmWnse¯nb Xncptijn¸nsâ t]SIw kq£n¡p¶Xn\pÅ kzÀWIqSmcw ]WnXp XpS§nbXv 1180  \nt¡mfmkv F¶ kzÀW ]Wn¡mc\mWv. 1225  ]WnXoÀ¡s¸« IqSmc¯n kzÀWhpw shÅnbpw sIm­v s]mXnªpff Ae¦mc§Ä. "_ken¡' BIrXnbn ]WnX IqSmcw aq¶v "kmÀt¡m^KkpIÄ' tNÀ¯p h¨Xpt]msebmWv. {]hmNI·mscbpw A¸kvtXme·mscbpw ]qPcmPm¡·mscbpw D®nsb I¿nte´nb amXmhnt\bpw IÀ¯mhnsâ amt½mZokm apX A´yhn[n hscbpapÅ cwK§fpw CXn Nn{XoIcn¨n«p­v. 43 C©v hoXnbpw 60 C©v Dbchpw 87 C©v \ofhpapff Cu IqSmcw C¶s¯ ]ÅnbpsS aZv_lmbpsS Gähpw ]n¶n \Sp¡mbn \nesImÅp¶p. sImtfm¬ I¯o{U Xncptijn¸nsâ IqSmcw Øm]n¡p¶Xn\mbn 1248  ]WnXpS§nb Cu _rlXv ssZhmebw 632 hÀj§Ä IgnªmWv ]qÀ¯nbmbXv. tdma³ tImf\nbnse ]gb A¼e¯n\p apIfn 4þmw \qäm­nepÅ ]Ån amän "]gb I¯o{UÂ' ]Wn Ign¸n¨ncp¶Xv 818 embncp¶p. ChnsSbmWv 1248 HmKkväv 15 \v C¶p ImWp¶ I¯o{Uensâ Xd¡ÃnSp¶Xv. Ing¡p`mKw 1322  BinÀhZn¨psh¦nepw aäp]WnIÄ 1473  \nÀ¯nhbvt¡­n h¶p. ]gb ¹m³ Is­¯nb {]qky³ Kh¬saâv ]Ån]Wn XpScm³ Xncpam\n¨p. 1842  cq]oIcn¨ \nÀamWI½nän (Dombauverain) 1880 HmKkväv 14 \v ]Wn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨p. 515 ASn DbcapÅ temI¯nse Gähpw Dbcw IqSnb sI«nSw A¶v Cu ]Ån Bbncp¶p. c­mw temI almbp²¯nse {][m\ t]mÀ¡fambncp¶ ]Ån 1956  \hoIcn¨p. Ime¯nsâ sISpXnIÄ Gäphm§nb ssZhmebw ]p\cp²mcWtijw 2005 HmKkväv 18 \v temI bphP\kt½f\¯n s_\UnÎv amÀ]m¸bv¡v BXnYyacpfn. {][m\ ImgvNIÄ emän³ Ipcninsâ cq]hpw {^©v tKm¯n¡nsâ BImc`wKnbpw BkzZn¨vv AI¯f¯nte¡v Ibdnbm CS¯v epZzn¡v H¶ma³ k½m\n¨ _thdnb³ P\epIÄ ImWmw. AÂ]w apt¶m«pt]mbm AXnat\mlcamb Zcn{Z ¢mcamcpsS Aįmc (Altar of the poor clares) {Xnam\Nn{X§fpw ]{´­v A¸kvtXme·mcpw NphsS kv{Xohnip²cpsS Xncptijn¸pIfpw. heXphis¯ P\ NnÃpIfn kv\m]Itbml¶m³, ]qPcmPm¡·mÀ, ]nb¯, ]´¡pkvX, FkvX¸mt\mkv XpS§nbhcpw {]hmNIcpw hnip²cpw. ]ÅnbpsS Npäpapff ¥mkv hÀ¡pIÄ at\mlcamWv. CSXphi¯pIqsS bm{X XpSÀ¶m Izbdnsâ \Sp`mK¯mbn CS¯pÅ It¸fbn {IqinX\mb IÀ¯mhnsâ Gähpw ]gb kvamcI {]Xna ImWmw. tKtcm sa{Xms¸meo¯bpsS \ma¯n (Gero Crucifix) Adnbs¸Sp¶ CXv 970 IfnteXmWv. AÂ]w IqSn apt¶m«v t]mbm Ccp¼pI¼nIÄ¡nSbneqsS ]ÅnbpsS ]n¶n \Sph

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