21 February 2019
04/02/2019
PILGRIM CENTRES

hnPmXobcpsS A¸kvtXme³, It¯men¡mk`bpsSbpw tdmansâbpw hnizmk]mc¼cy¯nv ASn¯d ]mInb Ccphcnsemcph³, tdma³ ]ucs¶ AhImi hmZ¯n tdmanse¯n, Ipcninse hnPb¯nsâbpw hnizmk¯nepÅ oXoIcW¯nsâbpw, IpªmSnsâ cà¯n IgpIn nÀaebm¡s¸« k`bpsSbpw hnPbKoXame]n¨h³. otdmbpsS Iogn Igp¯d¡s¸«h³ þ hnip² ]utemkv Çol. A¶p apX C¶phsc ss{IkvvXh t{]jnXcpsS hodpw hocyhpambhsâ I_dnS¯nte¡pÅ bm{X XoÀ°mS¯nsâ AnÀhNobamb nanj§fmWv. ssS_À Zn¡cbneqsS ZoXS kwkvImc§fmbncp¶p {]mNo Ime§fnteXv. tdmansâ ImcW¡mcnbmb ssS_À Zn As¸ss³ aencIfn (1268 m) DZv`hn¨v 406 IntemaoäÀ ]n¶n«vv HmkvXnbbpsSbpw {^ypan¨otmbpsSbpw CSbn ISen tNcp¶p. shÅs¸m¡¯n n¶pw Kcs¯ kwc£n¡phm³ 1876  XoÀ¯ {]uVKw`ocamb I·XnepIÄ¡ncphihpw {]ikvXamb hgnIÄ h¯n¡mn n¶pw ]pds¸«m BZyw tdmansâ XShd. ]n¶n {]ikvXamb ssPnt¡mtfm Ip¶v. apt¶m«p t]mbm ]gb PqXtImfnbn IÀ¯mhp Pn¨ kab¯vv s]m«n¸pds¸« Pet{kmXknsâ apIfnepff amXmhnsâ ]ffn ho­~pw Ipd¨p ap¶nembn CS¯v ZnbpsS Sphnsemcp sIm¨pZzo]v (270x60 m). t_m«v amXrIbnepÅ Zzo]n sFXnlyapkcn¨v sshZy·mcpsS tZhmb Akvt¢]nbqknsâ A¼ew. C¶v A¼e¯nsâ Øm¯v Bip]{Xn. adphi¯v hnip² _À¯temantbm A¸kvtXmesâ `uXnImhinã§fS¡nb ]Ån (10þmw qäm­v). Xns_copkv cmPmhnsâ t]cn Adnbs¸Sp¶ Cu ]pgbpsSbpw Zzo]nsâbpw Xoc¯mWv tdmansâ sFXnlmknI ]nXm¡·mcmb tdmaptfm, sdtamamsc sN¶mbv ]m sImSp¯p hfÀ¯nbXv. adphi¯v kntKmKv. het¯m«v KmbIcpsS a[yØ hnip² knknenbpsS _knen¡. Ipd¨pIqSn ap¶nse¯pt¼mÄ ]gb I¨hSIhmSambncp¶ t]mÀ¯psh³sk. C¶pw RmbdmgvNIfn CXv ]gb hkvXp¡fpsS I¨hSØeambn amdpw. Zn¡v IpdpsIbpÅ ]mew IS¶v tsc F¯p¶Xv ]ncanUnSpt¯¡mWv. _nkn 1þmw qäm­n Kmbqkv Xn¡v th­n nÀan¨ C¶pw kpµcambn kwc£n¡s¸«n«pÅ Cu ]ncanUnSp¯vv Hutdenb³ aXn Xocp¶p. ChnsS n¶v Bcw`n¡p¶XmWv HmkvXnb³sk hgn. Cu hgnbcnInse ih¸d¼nembncp¶p hnip² ]utemkv ÇolmbpsS arXicocw `àbmb epko AS¡nbXv. CXnp apIfnemWv tdmanse c­mas¯ henb {]mNo t]¸Â taPÀ _knen¡ nen¡p¶Xv. _knen¡bnte¡v ss_kssâ³ IeIfpsS kuµcyw apgph³ ]pchXncn¸n¡p¶ 19þmw qäm­nse kpµc ku[w. 1823 Pqsse 15 cm{Xnbnse Xo]nSp¯¯n `qcn`mKhpw I¯n in¨ Cu ssZhmeb¯nsâ ]pÀnÀamWw s]mse¯n bpsS cq]IÂ]bn setbm 12þma³ apXepÅ amÀ]m¸amcpsS taÂtm«¯n 1826  Xs¶ Bcw`n¨p. 1840  {KnKdn 16þma³ ]m¸ BinÀhmZIÀaw nÀhln¨p. Ncn{Xw F.Un 61  XShpImcmbn tdmanse¯nb hnip² ]utemkv c­p hÀj¯np tijw kzX{´m¡s¸s«¦nepw 64 se Xo]nSp¯¯nsâ D¯chmZn¯w Btcm]n¨v otdm N{IhÀ¯n XShnpw acWin£bv¡pw hn[n¡pIbmbncp¶p. 67  ÇolmbpsS Xesh«nbnS¯v aq¶p DdhIÄ s]m«n¸pds¸«p F¶mWv sFXnlyw. ChnsS n¶v aq¶p IntemaoäÀ AIse DÅ skant¯cn ]d¼nembncp¶p Ct±ls¯ AS¡nbXv. BZy qäm­~n Xs¶ injycpw XoÀYmSIcpw hnip²sâ I_dnS¯nte¡v {]mÀYIfpambn F¯n¯pS§n. knÂhÌÀ H¶ma³ ]m¸bpsS Ime¯v 324  tIm¬kväâbn³ N{IhÀ¯nbmWv BZy ssZhmebw nÀan¡p¶Xv. 386 apX sXtbmtUjykv N{IhÀ¯n CXns _rl¯m¡n. ]eXhW hoIcn¡s¸« Cu ssZhmeb¯nsâ kwc£Ww 9þmw qäm~­papX _Unγkv GsäSp¯p. 13þmw qäm­~n tdmanse Gähpw kpµcamb _knen¡ CXmbncp¶p. apJhmcw tdmanse nch[n _knen¡Ifn hyXykvXhpw Hcp]t£ AXnkpµchpamb apJhmcw. Ccp¼pIhmSw ISs¶¯p¶Xv mepsI«nte¡v, AXnp Sphn Icmd amÀ_nfn H_n¨n XoÀ¯ {]uVKw`ocamb ]utemknsâ {]Xna. apJhmc¯np apIfn 1854þ74 ImeL«¯n kphÀW samssk¡n XoÀ¯ Nn{X§Ä. Xmsg PepIÄ¡nSbn {][m {]hmNIcmb Gi¿, Psdanb, Fk¡nsbÂ, ZmntbÂ. AXnp apIfn ]dpZokm Ip¶np apIfn ssZh¯nsâ IpªmSv. AhnsS n¶pw kphntij§sf {]Xnn[oIcn¡p¶ mep ZnIÄ. CXn n¶pw ]mw sN¿p¶ ]{´­~v Çol·msc {]Xnn[oIcn¡p¶ BSpIÄ. c­ä¯pw Pdpksew _Xveslw Kc§Ä. CXnp apIfnepff ]mensâ Sp¡v temIs¯ apgph³ Ap{Kln¡m³ IcapbÀ¯nb IÀ¯mhpw Ccphi§fnepw ]t{Xmkv ]utemkv A¸kvtXmecpw, Gähpw apIfn ss{IkvXh PohnX¯nsâ kncmtI{µamb Ipcnipw. aq¶p henb sh¦eIhmS§Ä. Sphnet¯Xn (1931) ]t{Xmknsâbpw ]utemknsâbpw PohnXIYIÄ Nn{XoIcn¨ncn¡p¶p. heXp`mK¯v Pq_nenIÄ¡p Xpd¡p¶ hnip² IhmSw. CXnsâ ]pdInemWv ]Ån¡I¯v ss__nÄ cwK§Ä Nn{XoIcn¡p¶ 54 ]mepIfpÅ ss_kâbn³ IhmSw ]Xn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. ]utemkv ÇolmbpsS PohnXcwK§Ä No{XoIcn¡p¶ CSt¯ hmXneneqsS ]Ån¡It¯¡v IS¡mw. AI¯fw _rl¯mb Hcp AI¯f¯nte¡v IS¶Xnsâ BIkvanIX amdnbm 20 {Kmssäv XqWpIfpsS mephcnIÄ I®nÂs]Spw. Ccphi§fnepw AįmcIfnÃmsX Aäwhsc ]c¶pInS¡p¶ atmlcamb amÀ_nÄ AI¯fw. Sp¡v apIfntem«v tm¡nbm XqWpIfpsSbpw BÀ¨pIfpsSbpw apIfnembn 1847  9þmw ]nbqkv ]m¸ XpS§nsh¨ samssk¡n XoÀ¯ amÀ]m¸amcpsS Nn{X§Ä. hnip² ]t{Xmkv apX {^m³knkv ]m¸hsc {Iaw sXämsX `cWhÀj§Ä AS¡w FÃmhcpap­~v. temI¯nse asäÃm ssZhmeb§fn n¶pw CXns hyXykvXam¡p¶Xv CXmWv. Gähpw apIfn PepIÄ¡nSbnepff Øe¯v 36 ]mepIfnembn S]Sn ]pkvXI§fnepÅ ]utemkv ÇolmbpsS PohnX cwK§Ä No{XoIcn¨ncn¡p¶p. aZp_l¡p ap¶n Ccphi¯pw ]t{Xmkv ]utemkv Çol·mcpsS {]XnaIÄ. hnPbIhmS¯np apIfn Ap{Kln¡p¶ IÀ¯mhv. Sp¡pw Ccphi¯pw c­p am

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