22 November 2017
30/10/2017
PILGRIM CENTRES

k`bpsS Gähpw {][m\s¸« ip{iqjIfnsem¶mWv aXm[ym]\w. {IaoIrXhpw ka{Khpamb ssienbn thZ]mT ]pkvXIsamcp¡nbXpw It¯men¡mk`bnse thZ]T\¯n\v ]p¯³ ssien Hcp¡nbXpw aXm[ym]IcpsS a[yØ\mb hnip² NmÄkv s_mtdmsatbm BWv. hnip² NmÄkv s_mtdmsatbm 1538 HIvtSm_À 2 \v AtcmW sIm«mc¯n P\n¨v 1584 \hw_À 3 \v anem\n AkvXan¨ hnip² NmÄkv s_mtdmsatbm anem\nse "c­mw Awt{_mkv' F¶mWv IcpXs¸«ncp¶Xv. buh\¯nsâ BZyIme¯v 21þmw hbkn k`m\nba¯nepw knhn \nba¯nepw _ncpZm\´c_ncpZw t\Snb hnip²³ tdma³ tÌänsâ sk{I«dnbmbpw anem³ AUvan\nkvt{Sädmbpw 1564 þ84 hsc anem³ AXncq]XbpsS sa{Xms¸meo¯bmbpw tkh\a\pjvTn¨p. BVyXz¯nsâ DZm¯ amXrIbmbmWv Ct±ls¯ Ncn{XImc·mÀ AhXcn¸n¡pI. D¯a t_m[yt¯msSbpw ZrV\nÝbt¯msSbpw apt¶dp¶ hn\oX\mb hnip²³ þ amÀ]m¸amcpsSbpw cmPm¡·mcpsSbpw D]tZjvSmhmbncns¡ Xs¶ ]IÀ¨ hym[nbnepw Irjn \mi¯nepw IjvSs¸Sp¶ ]mhs¸«h\pth­n kz´ambsXÃmw \jvSs¸Sp¯n IqsS \n¡m³ Cd§ns¨¶ alma\kv¡³....! 1562þ 63  s{Sâv kq\ltZmknsâ Ahkm\s¯ skj³ {IaoIcn¨Xpw aXt_m[\ {KÙ¯n\v cq]w \ÂInbXpw hnip² NmÄkv Bbncp¶p. hnip² Ctájykv etbmftbmSpw hnip² ^nen]v t\cntbmSpw tNÀ¶v It¯men¡mk`bpsS ]p\À\hoIcW¯n\v (Counter Reformation) Np¡m³ ]nSn¨Xpw Ct±lambncp¶p. k`bpsS \hoIcW¯n\v sshZnIcpsSbpw k\ykvXcpsSbpw \hoIcWw A\nhmcyamsW¶v Xncn¨dnª At±lw hnÚm\nIfpw hnip²cpamb sshZnIsc cq]s¸Sp¯m³ skan\mcnIÄ¡pw tImfPpIÄ¡pw cq]wsImSp¯p. s{]m«Ìâv hn¹h¯ns\Xnsc iàambn {]XnIcn¡pIbpw Cw¥­v, kznävkÀe³Uv XpS§n bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fnse ]oU\a\p`hn¡p¶ It¯men¡sc kwc£n¡pIbpw sNbvXtXmsSm¸w tdmans\bpw anems\bpw \hoIcn¨psIm­v temIsa¼mSpapÅ It¯men¡mk`bv¡v \hoIcW¯nsâ ]mX sh«n¯pd¶p sImSp¡pIbmbncp¶p hnip² NmÄkv. anem³ I¯o{Uensâ BZyL« ]WnIÄ ]qÀ¯oIcn¡p¶Xpw BinÀhmZIÀaw \nÀhln¡p¶Xpw Ct±l¯nsâ Ime¯mWv. ]Ånbn \n¶pw BVw_c hkvXp¡fpw IÃdIfpw \o¡w sNbvX hnip²sâ B{Kl¯n\p hn]coXambmWv A\pbmbnIÄ At±l¯nsâ IÃd I¯o{Uensâ ASn¸Ånbnsemcp¡nbXv. anem³ I¯o{U GItZiw 600 hÀj§ÄsIm­v ]WnXoÀ¯ Cäenbnse Gähpw hepXpw temI¯nse aq¶mw Øm\hpw Ae¦cn¡p¶ henb ]ÅnbmWv anem³ I¯o{UÂ. Cäenbnse Gähpw henb cq]Xbmb anemsâ sa{Xmk\amWv ssZhamXmhnsâ P\\¯n\v kaÀ¸n¨ Cu ssZhmebw. {][m\ambpw tKm¯nIv ssienbn ]WnXoÀ¯ncn¡p¶ ssZhmebw ]e ssienIfpsSbpw kaRvPkamb kt½f\¯n ]WnXpbÀ¯s¸«XmWv. anem³ Ncn{X hgnIfn ]gb tdma³ NXzc¯nsâ apIfn (Roman Mediolanum) I¯o{Uensâ ASnbn kµÀi\ tbmKyamb amt½mZok ]ÅnbpsSbpw (335) hnip² sX¢bpsS ]ÅnbpsSbpw (355)apIfnembn C¶s¯ I¯o{Uensâ ]Wn XpS§p¶Xv 1386 emWv. ]e XhW ssienIÄ amdpIbpw ]Wn \nÀ¯n hbvt¡­nhcnIbpw sNbvX ]ffnbpsS BZyL«w ]qÀ¯oIcn¨v BinÀhmZ IÀaw \S¯nbXv 1577  hnip² NmÄkv s_mtdmsatbm BWv. ]ns¶bpw XpSÀ¶ \nÀamW {]hÀ¯\§fn 1762 emWv {]ikvXamb anem³ amXmhnsâ {]Xna Øm]n¡p¶Xv. 1805  s\t¸mfnbsâ IncoS[mcWhpambn _Ôs¸«v At±l¯nsâ klmbt¯msSbmWv apJhmc¯nsâ ]Wn ]qÀ¯nbm¡p¶Xv. c­mw temI almbp²w \miw hnX¨ ]ÅnbpsS ]Wn ]qÀ¯nbmbXv 1965 P\phcn Bdmw XobXnbmWv. ImgvNIÄ {Ko¡v þ tdma³ ]pcmW§fpsSbpw hnip² {KÙ¯nsâbpw AhXcW§fpÅ apJhmchpw {][m\ IhmShpw IS¶v AIs¯¯nbm 148 ASn Dbc¯n \n¡p¶ XqWpIÄ... Bcm[\bpsS Ac­ shfn¨w ]Icp¶, tKm¯nIv AI¯f¯n s]Ã{Kot\m, s]Ã{Kot\mbpsS \thm°m\ Ime¯nse D¯a krjvSnbmb aZv_l. at\mlcamb Aįmcbpw sshZnIÀ¡mbpff Izbdpw Ccphi§fnepapÅ {]kwK]oThpw \b\at\mlcamWv. apIfnse Ipcnipcq]¯n I¯n\n¡p¶ sNa¶ shfn¨w IÀ¯mhnsâ Xncp¡pcnin Xd¨ncp¶ BWnIfnsem¶v kq£n¡p¶ ØeamWv. aZv_lbpsS heXphi¯pIqsS IS¶m I¯o{Uense Gähpw {]ikvXamb {]Xna ImWmw. 1562 amÀs¡m A{Kms¯ XoÀ¯ DcnsªSp¯ sXmen tXmfneqsS Npän \n¡p¶ hnip² _À¯temsatbmbpsS amÀ_nÄ {]Xna. ]ÅnbpsS ]ndIn 2014  XoÀ¯ amXmhnsâ {]Xna, CSXphis¯ t{_m¬kv sagpIpXncn¡mensâ ]mZw 12þmw \qäm­nse sNSnIfpw arK§fpamsW¦n apIÄ`mKw 16þmw \qäm­nse ss__nÄ cq]§ÄsIm­mWv XoÀ¯ncn¡p¶Xv. aZv_lbpsS Xmsg ASn¸ÅnbnemWv hnip² NmÄkv s_mtdmantbmsb AS¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. im´ambn, \ni_vZambn hnip²sâ Xncptijn¸pIÄ hW§pIbpw am[yØw bmNn¡pIbpw sNbvXv ]pd¯nd§pt¼mÄ kz´w PohnXs¯bpw IpSpw_s¯bpw AXphgn kaqls¯bpw k`sbbpw \hoIcn¡m\pÅ Xo£vWamb B{Klhpw hnip²nbpw \½nepw DSseSp¡s«. ]pd¯nd§p¶Xn\p ap³]v Xmsg amt½mZok ]ÅnIqSn kµÀin¡p¶Xv \ÃXmWv. hnip² Awt{_mkv hnip² AKkvXot\mkns\ am\km´cs¸Sp¯nbXpw Ccphcpw ss{IkvXh k`m PohnX¯n\v \ÂInb kw`mh\Ifpw IqSn HmÀ¯m anem³ kµÀi\w Hmtcm PohnX¯nsâbpw ]p\À\hoIcW¯n\pÅ henb shÃphnfnbmbn¯ocpw XoÀ¨.

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