19 November 2018
10/11/2018
PILGRIM CENTRES

\½Ä Igp¯neWnbp¶ saUepIfn {]Ya Øm\amWv Ir]IfpsS amXmhnsâ saUen\v. 1832  20000 t]cpsS acW¯n\ncbm¡n ]SÀ¶p ]nSn¨ tImfdbn \n¶pw ]mcokpImsc c£n¨ saUen\v AhÀ \ÂInb t]cmWv AÛpXsaUse¶v. kwc£W¯nsâbpw am\km´c¯nsâbpw tcmKim´nbpsSbpw ^e§Ä hfsc thK¯n ]pds¸Sphn¡m³ hgnsbmcp¡p¶ Cu saUens\¡pdn¨dnbWsa¦n ]mcoko hnip² hn³skâv Un t]mfpw hnip² eqbnk acnem¡pw IqSn Bcw`n¨ D]hnbpsS a¡fpsS aZÀ luknse It¸fbnse¯Ww. It¸fbnte¡v ]mcoknsâ \Kca[y¯n \n¶pw H¯ncn AIsebÃm¯ 140 rue du Bac (Paris VII)se Cu It¸f ]coknb³kn\p kp]cnNnXamWv. hnip² hn³skâv Un t]mfnsâ I_dnS¯n \n¶pw \S¡mhp¶ ZqctabpÅq ChntS¡v. C¶v {]Nmcw t\Snb tjm¸nwKv amfpIfpsS XpS¡¡mc\mb Le Bon Marche bn \n¶pw XncnªmÂ, A¼XSn Zqcw. It¸fbnse¯n. hnip²sâ t\XrXz¯n D]hnbpsS a¡Ä tcmKoip{iqj sNbvXncp¶ Hotel de Chatillon  1813  Bcw`n¨v 1815 HmKkväv 6 \v sh©ncn¨XmWv Cu It¸f. A¶nXv XncplrZb¯n\mWv {]XnjvTn¨ncp¶Xv. 1830  hnip² ImXdn³ e_psdbv¡v ZÀi\ap­mIp¶Xpw AÛpX saUensâ DÛhhpw Cu It¸fbnembncp¶p. AXn\ptijw 1849  hn]peoIcn¨ Cu It¸f C¶s¯ cq]¯nembXv 1930 se \hoIcW¯neqsSbmWv. k{Imcnbpw (8þmw \qäm­v) AXn\p apIfnse sFhdn Ipcnipw (1850) am{Xta ]gbXmbn ChnsS DÅq. C¶s¯ ]ÅnbpsS aZv_l Ae¦cn¡p¶Xv hnip² ImXdn³ eps_sdbv¡v e`n¨ ZÀi\§fpsS Nn{XoIcW§Ä sIm­mWv. AįmcbpsS CSt¯ Aä¯v k`m klØm]nIbmb hnip² eqbnk acnem¡nsâ `uXnI icocw. AįmcbpsS het¯ Aä¯pÅ It¸fbn hnip² hn³skâv Un t]mfnsâ lrZbw Acpfn¡bn kq£n¨ncn¡p¶p. NphsS ]cnip² A½ {]Xy£s¸«t¸mÄ Ccp¶ Itkcbpw. AXnsâ CS¯v 1830 \hw_À 27 se ]cnip² A½bpsS ZÀi\¯nsâ Nn{XoIcWw. `qtKmfs¯ apgph\pw ssZh¯n\p kaÀ¸n¡p¶XmWnXv. AXn\p Xmsg hnip² ImXdn³ e_qsdbpsS AgpIm¯ icocw. hnip² ImXdn³ e_qsd 1806 tabv 2 \v ]nbÀ e_qsdbpsSbpw aZse³ eqbokbpsSbpw ]Xns\m¶v a¡fn H¼XmaXmbn P\\w. 9þmw hbkn kz´w A½bpsS arXkwkvImc NS§n\p tijw ]cnip² A½bpsS Xncpkzcq]w Npw_n¨psIm~­v "C\n \obmsWsâ A½' F¶p {]Jym]n¨ sIm¨p`à. {]mb]qÀ¯nbmbt¸mÄ kz]v\¯n I­~ hnip² hn³skâv Un t]mfnsâ D]hnbpsS a¡fpsS `mKamIm³ Xocpam\n¨v ]mcoknse¯n. ZÀi\§sf¡pdn¨v Xsâ Bßob ]nXmhnt\mSv (Aladel) am{Xw clky§Ä ssIamdn inãImew hn\oX Zmknbmbn ]mh§fpsSbpw {]tXyIn¨v hr²P\§fpsSbpw ip{iqjbn PohnXw tlman¨ hnip². hr²P\§fpsS a[yØbmbmWv Ahcn¶v Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. 1876  acW¯n\p sXm«p ap³]v am{XamWv kp¸ocnbdnt\mSv Xsâ clkyw AhÀ shfns¸Sp¯p¶Xv. 1933  57 hÀj§Ä¡p tijw Reuilly bnse I_dnSw Xpd¶t¸mÄ AgpIm¯ icochpw Xnf§p¶ I®pIfpw Ghscbpw AÛpXs¸Sp¯p¶Xmbncp¶p. AXns\¯pSÀ¶v 1933 tabv 28 \v 11þmw ]nbqkv ]m¸ ImXdns\ hmgv¯s¸«hfmbpw 1947 Pqsse 27 \v 12þmw ]nbqkv ]m¸ hnip²bmbpw {]Jym]n¨p. ZÀi\§Ä 1830 k\ymk ]cnioe\¯nsâ t\mhntjyänembncp¶ ImeL«¯nembncp¶p ZÀi\§Ä. hnip² hn³skâv Un t]mfnsâ `uXnI icocw ]pXpXmbn ]WnX ]Ånbnte¡v amän (G{]n 25) b tijw HcmgvN Ignªt¸mÄ aq¶p Znhk§fnembn hnip²sâ lrZbw BZyw kam[m\¯nsâ shÅ \nd¯nepw ]ntä Znhkw XobpsS Nph¸p\nd¯nepw ]n¶oSv ZuÀ`mKy§fpsS Ccp­ \nd¯nepw ImWs¸«p. {^m³knepw {]tXyIn¨v ]mcoknepw hcm\ncn¡p¶ Zpc´§fpsS ap¶dnbn¸mbncp¶p AXv. ]n¶oSv AhÀ I­Xv XncpthmkvXnbnse IÀ¯mhns\bmWv. Pq¬ 6\v ]cnip² {XnXz¯nsâ Xncp\mfn\v Ipcnin InS¡p¶ {InkvXpcmPsâ ZÀi\hpap­mbn. Xm³ H¯ncn kvt\ln¡p¶ hnip² hn³skâv Un t]mfnt\mSv ]cnip² A½sb am{Xw ImWm³ Ignbm¯XnepÅ hnjaw ]¦psh¨ B cm{Xn (Pqsse 18) bnembncp¶p amXmhnsâ aq¶v {]Xy£§fpsSbpw Bcw`w. Pqsse 18, 1830 cm{Xn 11.30 ]cnip² A½ ]Ånbn Im¯ncn¡p¶ps­¶v ]dªv, sIm¨pIp«nbpsS cq]¯n h¶v AhfpsS Imh amemJ hnfn¨pWÀ¯n. ]Ånbnse¯nb ImXdnt\mSv aZv_lbn Itkcbnencn¡p¶ at\mlcnbmb kv{Xosb Nq­n AXv ]cnip² A½bmsW¶v Ip«n ]dªpsImSp¯p. aSn¨p \n¶ ImXdn³ HmSn A½bpsS AcnInse¯n ap«pIÄ aS¡n. Xsâ aSnbn ssIh¨v \n¶ ImXdnt\mSv k{Imcn Nq­n A½ ]dªp "Cu AįmcbpsS Nph«nte¡v hcq, hnizmkt¯msS tNmZn¡p¶ GhÀ¡pw ChnsS \n¶pw Ir]IÄ e`n¡pw' _p²napt«dnb ZuXyamWv Xs¶ GÂ]n¡p¶sX¶pw AXv \ndthäm\pÅ iàn ssZhw \ÂIpsa¶pw Adnbn¨ tijw adnb¯nsâ Ipªpa¡fpsS kwLw XpS§m³ \nÀt±in¨p. 1840 s^{_phcn 2 \v Aladel A¨³ Cu kwLw cq]oIcn¨p. \hw_À 27, 1830 AÛpX saUensâ ZÀi\ap­mIp¶Xv sshIn«v 5.30 \v [ym\¯nsâ kab¯mWv. temIs¯ apgph³, {]tXyIn¨v {^m³kns\bpw Hmtcm hyànIsfbpw {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶ sNdnb Ipcnip h¨ `qtKmfw kzÀ¤¯nte¡pbÀ¯n¸nSn¨ amXmhv. ]mZ§Ä AÀ[`qtKmf¯n\p apIfnse km¯msâbpw Xn·bpsSbpw ASbmfamb kÀ¸¯nsâ XeXIÀ¡p¶p. XpSÀ¶v saUensâ ZÀi\w. XqshÅ hkvv{X¯n Xpd¶ ssIIfn \n¶pw Ir]IÄ bmNn¡p¶hcnte¡v hÀjn¡p¶ {]Imi civanIÄ Npäpw AÀ[hr¯mIrXnbn "]m]teianÃmsX P\n¨ adnbta, A§nte¡Wbpw R§Ä¡p th­n {]mÀYn¡Wta' F¶ {]mÀY\ kphÀW en]nIfn BteJ\w sNbvXncn¡p¶p. adp ]pd¯v Ipcnip apIfn h¨ 'M' F¶ A£cw. IqsS apÄIncoSaWnª IÀ¯mhnsâ XncplrZbhpw hmfm apdn¡s¸« ]cnip² A½bpsS hnae lrZbhpw. Npäpw k`sb {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶ 12 A¸kvtXme·mcpsS \£{X§Ä. a\pjymhXmc clkyhpw c£Wob IÀahpw kwtbmPn¡p¶ Cu saU \nÀan¡m³ amXmhv Bhiys¸«p. Unkw_À 183

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